Black Hills


Black Hills
a group of mountains in W South Dakota and NE Wyoming. Highest peak, Harney Peak, 7242 ft. (2205 m).

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Group of mountains in western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming, U.S. Occupying about 6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), they lie between the Cheyenne and Belle Fourche rivers and rise to a maximum elevation of 7,242 ft (2,207 m) at Harney Peak.

Their name refers to the dark appearance that their rounded hilltops and well-forested slopes present at a distance. The Sioux Indians were guaranteed treaty rights to the region in 1868; however, the discovery of gold in 1874 led to an influx of white miners and to the Black Hills War (1876), including the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Tourist attractions include the mining town of Deadwood, Mount Rushmore and Jewel Cave national monuments, Wind Cave National Park, and Custer State Park, all in South Dakota, and Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming.

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 isolated, eroded mountain region in western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming, U.S., lying largely within the Black Hills National Forest. The hills lie between the Cheyenne and Belle Fourche rivers and rise about 3,000 feet (900 m) above the surrounding plains; they culminate in Harney Peak (7,242 feet [2,207 m]), the highest point in South Dakota. The Black Hills formed as a result of an upwarping of ancient rock, after which the removal of the higher portions of the mountain mass by stream erosion produced the present-day topography. From a distance the rounded hilltops, well-forested slopes, and deep valleys present a dark appearance, giving them their name.

      The Black Hills were a hunting ground and sacred territory of the Western Sioux Indians, whose rights to the region were guaranteed by the Second Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. But after a U.S. military expedition under George A. Custer discovered gold in the Black Hills in 1874, thousands of white gold hunters and miners swarmed into the area the following year. Indian resistance to this influx led to the Black Hills War (1876), the high point of which was the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Despite that Indian victory, the U.S. government was able to force the Sioux to relinquish their treaty rights to the Black Hills in 1877, by which time the Homestake Mine had become the largest gold mine in the United States.

 Besides the old mining town of Deadwood and the Mount Rushmore National Monument, the Black Hills' tourist attractions include Jewel Cave National Monument, Wind Cave National Park, and Custer State Park, all in South Dakota. Devil's Tower National Monument is located in Wyoming.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Hills — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las Black Hills enfrente del Monte Rushmore Black Hills es un grupo de montañas del oeste de Dakota del Sur y el noreste de Wyoming, Estados Unidos. Ocupan cerca de 15,540 km …   Wikipedia Español

  • Black Hills — og Black Mountains, de sorte høje eller sorte bjerge , er ikke sjældent forekommende bjergnavne i engelsk talende lande. Særlig fremhæves Black Mountains i Alleghany bjergene mied kulminationspunktet Black Dome samt Black Hills i det nordlige USA …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Black Hills — the Black Hills a group of hills in South Dakota in the US, one of which is Mount Rushmore …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Black-Hills — (spr. Bläck Hills), eine Gebirgskette im Missouriterritorium in den Vereinigten Staaten von NAmerika, zieht sich in der Nähe des Missouriflusses von N. nach S., bis sie etwa unter dem 43. Breitegrade eine Richtung von O. nach W. annimmt, u. sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Black Hills —   [ blæk hɪlz; englisch »schwarze Hügel«], Gebirgsstock in South Dakota, USA, an der Grenze nach Wyoming, im Harney Peak 2 207 m über dem Meeresspiegel; im Tertiär entstandene Aufwölbung, bestehend aus präkambrischen Schiefern und Graniten sowie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Black Hills — (spr. bläck, »Schwarze Hügel«), Gebirgskette in den nordamerik. Staaten Süddakota und Wyoming, im Harney Peak 2350 m hoch, mineralreich (Gold) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Black Hills — (»schwarze Hügel«), Gebirge in Süddakota und Wyoming, zwischen 43°30 –45° nördl. Br. und 103°–105° westl. L., im Harney Peak 2350 m. Goldfunde (1874) führten zu seiner raschen Ausschließung und zur Entstehung zahlreicher, durch Eisenbahnen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Black Hills — South Dakota landform, translating Lakhota pahá sapa; supposedly so called because their densely forested flanks look dark from a distance …   Etymology dictionary

  • Black Hills — Black′ Hills′ n. pl. geg a group of mountains in W South Dakota and NE Wyoming. Highest peak, Harney Peak, 7242 ft. (2205 m) …   From formal English to slang

  • Black Hills — [from their dark appearance, because heavily forested] mountainous region in SW S.Dak. & NE Wyo.: highest peak, 7,242 ft (2,207 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Black Hills — This article is about the region in South Dakota. For other places, see Black Hills (disambiguation). The Black Hills, South Dakot …   Wikipedia


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