Black Country


Black Country
a district in the English Midlands, around Birmingham: so called from the soot and grime produced by the many local industries.

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▪ industrial area, England, United Kingdom
      industrial region closely corresponding to the small south Staffordshire coalfield in the Midlands region of England; its name derives from its pollution-coated industrial landscape. The Black Country extends immediately to the west of the city of Birmingham, which itself lies off the coalfield, and makes up the western part of the metropolitan county of West Midlands. The clusters of industrial towns that earned this appellation sprang up in the 18th century in the historic counties of Staffordshire and Worcestershire with the intense exploitation and local use of coal and iron ore resources. Collieries, blast furnaces, and foundries filled the air with smoke and grime. Coal mining ceased by the end of the 20th century. The region, including all or most of the metropolitan boroughs of Wolverhampton, Walsall, Dudley, and Sandwell, remains industrial in character and has become even more urbanized. Industrial activity has shifted from iron-making to metal-using plants, which no longer give rise to such extreme pollution. The industrial past has left its imprint on the landscape, however, and much derelict land may still be seen.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Black Country — Black Coun|try the Black Country an industrial area in the West Midlands of England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Black Country —   [ blæk kʌntrɪ], Kohlenbergbau und Industrielandschaft in Mittelengland, die sich von Birmingham nach Nordwesten erstreckt; Kernraum der industriellen Entwicklung im späten 18. und im 19. Jahrhundert; Zentrum der Eisenverhüttung auf der Basis… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Black Country — The Black Country is a loosely defined area of the English West Midlands conurbation, to the north and west of Birmingham, and to the south and east of Wolverhampton, around the South Staffordshire coalfield. It has a combined population of… …   Wikipedia

  • Black Country — Das Black Country ist ein Ballungsgebiet nördlich und westlich von Birmingham. Es liegt in den West Midlands, einem der sechs Metropolitan Countys von England. Der Name Schwarzes Land wird vielfach auf die enorme Luftverschmutzung durch die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Black Country — a district in the English Midlands, around Birmingham: so called from the soot and grime produced by the many local industries. * * * Black Country noun A heavily industrialized area of the West Midlands • • • Main Entry: ↑black * * * Black… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Black Country — 52°32′N 2°2′W / 52.533, 2.033 Le Black Country (en francais : Le Pays Noir) est une zone vaguement définie de l agglomération an …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Black Country — noun Area in the West Midlands of England, birthplace of the …   Wiktionary

  • Black Country — coal mining iron founding sections of southern Staffordshire and West Midlands of England; Midlands of England around smoke blackened Birmingham …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Black Country — district in central England which is covered with grime from the local industries …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Black Country — /ˈblæk kʌntri/ (say blak kuntree) noun a district in England, in the Midlands around Birmingham, so called because of the industrial pollution of the area …   Australian English dictionary


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