black bass


black bass
/bas/
any freshwater American game fish of the genus Micropterus. Cf. largemouth bass, smallmouth bass.
[1805-15]

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Any of about six species (genus Micropterus) of slender freshwater fishes of the sunfish family; found in eastern North America.

Two, the largemouth and smallmouth black basses, have been introduced into other countries and are prized as hard-fighting game fishes. Black basses are larger and longer-bodied than sunfishes and more predatory. The largemouth bass may grow to 32 in. (80 cm) long and weigh 22 lbs (10 kg); it lives in quiet weedy lakes and streams. The smallmouth bass, which usually grows to 5–6 lbs (2–3 kg), inhabits clear, cool lakes and running streams.

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fish
 any of about six species of elongated freshwater fishes that constitute the genus Micropterus of the sunfish family, Centrarchidae (order Perciformes). Black basses are found in eastern North America. Two of them, the largemouth (see photograph—>) and smallmouth black basses (M. salmoides and M. dolomieui), have been introduced in other countries and are prized by fishermen as hard-fighting game fishes.

      The black basses, like the sunfishes, have the spiny and soft-rayed portions of the dorsal fin joined as a single fin. They are, however, larger and longer-bodied than the sunfishes, duller in colour, and more predatory in habit.

      The largemouth bass, growing to a maximum length and weight of about 80 cm (31.5 inches) and 10 kg (22 pounds), is characteristically an inhabitant of quiet, weedy lakes and streams. It can be distinguished from the smallmouth by the deep cleft in its dorsal fin and by its relatively larger mouth, with the upper jawbone extending beyond the eye. It varies in colour from green to blackish and is marked with a dark, horizontal stripe. Like other black basses, it feeds mainly on smaller fishes.

      The smallmouth black bass is typically a fish of clear, cool lakes and running streams. It varies from green to brownish and is generally mottled with a darker colour. It usually grows to 2–3 kg (4.5–6.5 pounds) but can attain a length and weight of about 70 cm (27.5 inches) and 5.5 kg (12 pounds).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • black-bass — [ blakbas ] n. m. inv. • 1906; mot angl. « perche noire » ♦ Poisson d eau douce voisin de la perche, originaire d Amérique. ⇒ achigan(Canada). « Carnassier, omnivore, le black bass, vorace et chasseur, n avale que des proies vivantes » (P.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Black-bass — à grande bouche Black bass à grande bouche …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Black bass — à grande bouche Black bass à grande bouche …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Black bass — (Zo[ o]l.) 1. An edible, fresh water fish of the United States, of the genus {Micropterus}. The small mouthed kind is {Micropterus dolomie[=i]}; the large mouthed is {Micropterus salmoides}. [1913 Webster] 2. The sea bass. See {Blackfish}, 3.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • black bass — black′ bass′ [[t]bæs[/t]] n. ich any freshwater American game fish of the genus Micropterus. • Etymology: 1805–15 …   From formal English to slang

  • black bass — n. any of a genus (Micropterus) of freshwater sunfishes of North America, highly prized as a game fish …   English World dictionary

  • black bass — noun 1. bluish black striped sea bass of the Atlantic coast of the United States • Syn: ↑black sea bass, ↑Centropistes striata • Hypernyms: ↑sea bass • Member Holonyms: ↑Centropristis, ↑genus Centropristis …   Useful english dictionary

  • Black bass — This article is about the genus of freshwater fish. For the Nintendo Entertainment System video game, see The Black Bass. Micropterus Smallmouth bass (M. dolomieu) Scientific cl …   Wikipedia

  • black bass — juodasis akmeninis ešerys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Centropristes striata angl. black bass; black sea bass; blackfish; common sea bass rus. чёрный каменный окунь ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • black bass — mažažiotis upėtakinis ešerys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Micropterus dolomieui angl. black bass; smallmouth bass rus. малоротый окунь; форелевый окунь ryšiai: platesnis terminas – upėtakiniai… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas


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