—Bithynian, adj., n./bi thin"ee euh/, n.an ancient state in NW Asia Minor.
* * *Ancient country, northwestern Anatolia.Bounded by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus, and the Black Sea, it was settled by Thracians in the late 2nd millennium BC. They never submitted to Alexander the Great, and by the 3rd century BC a powerful Hellenistic kingship had been established in the area. There followed a century of inept leadership and rapid decline. Bithynia's last king, Nicomedes IV, bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans in 74 BC.
* * *▪ ancient district, Anatoliaancient district in northwestern Anatolia, adjoining the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus, and the Black Sea, thus occupying an important and precarious position between East and West. Late in the 2nd millennium BC, Bithynia was occupied by warlike tribes of Thracian origin who harried Greek settlers and Persian envoys alike. Their remarkable pugnacity kept them from complete Persian domination after the 6th century; in addition, they never submitted to Alexander the Great or his Seleucid successors. By the 3rd century BC the small but powerful state had evolved from tribal government to Hellenistic kingship and reached the height of its power early in the 2nd century BC. There followed a century of inept leadership and rapid decline. Bithynia's last king, Nicomedes IV, little more than a Roman puppet, bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans in 74 BC.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Bithynia — was an ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor, adjoining the Propontis, the Thracian Bosporus and the Euxine (today Black Sea).DescriptionSeveral major cities sat on the fertile shores of the Propontis (which is … Wikipedia
BITHYNIA — BITHYNIA, district of Asia Minor identified in the Talmud with the biblical Tubal (Yoma 10a). There is information, dated from 139 B.C.E., of a Jewish settlement in Amysos which was included in the territory of Bithynia during the period of its… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bithynia — steht für: Bithynien, der lateinische Name für eine antike Landschaft im nordwestlichen Kleinasien eine römische Provinz, siehe Bithynia et Pontus Bithynia (Gattung), eine Gattung von Süßwasserschnecken Diese Seite ist ei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bithynia — Género de caracoles, algunas de cuyas especies actúan como huésped intermediario de Opisthorchis. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 … Diccionario médico
Bithynia — [bə thin′ē ə] ancient country in NW Asia Minor, in what is now Turkey: fl. 3d cent. B.C. 1st cent. A.D … English World dictionary
BITHYNIA — I. BITHYNIA Asiae minoris regio ad Pontum sira, Thraciae adversa, Troadi proxima, Solino, c. 44. Servio, et Martiano Capellae. ubi duo Concilia Oecumenica, et Chalcedone, ubi simile Concil. celebris. Capellae primum Bebrycia, postea Mygdonia,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Bithynia — noun an ancient country in northwestern Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; was absorbed into the Roman Empire by the end of the 1st century BC • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic region •… … Useful english dictionary
Bithynia — geographical name ancient country NW Asia Minor bordering on the Sea of Marmara & Black Sea • Bithynian adjective or noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
Bithynia — noun [bɪˈθɪnɪə/ An ancient region, kingdom and Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor … Wiktionary
Bithynia — A province in Asia Minor, to the south of the Euxine and Propontis. Christian congregations were here formed at an early time (1 Pet. 1:1). Paul was prevented by the Spirit from entering this province (Acts 16:7). It is noted in church history … Easton's Bible Dictionary