Chu
Chu (cho͞o)
A river of southeast Kazakhstan flowing about 1,126 km (700 mi) from the Tian Shan generally northeastward into the desert.

* * *

I
or Ch'u

One of the states contending for power in China, 770–221 BC.

Chu emerged in the 8th century BC in the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) valley, then not a part of China. It struggled with other states for supreme control over China in the 3rd century BC but lost out to Qin, which formed the first great Chinese empire.
II
(as used in expressions)
Ch'eng Chu school
Chu ko Liang
Ch'iu Ch'u chi
Yeh lü Ch'u ts'ai

* * *

▪ ancient state [770-223 BC], China

      one of the most important of the small states contending for power in China between 770 and 223 BCE.

      Originally one of the duke states under the Xi (Western) Zhou dynasty (1046–771 BCE), Chu rose in the mid-8th century BCE around the present province of Hubei, in the fertile valley of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in South China. The Chu state has been characterized by some scholars as “barbarian” in origin, though some members of its ruling class possibly came from North China. Chu began to expand rapidly into north and east proper, conquering much of present-day Henan province. China itself was at the time divided into a series of small duke states, all of which theoretically owed allegiance to the Zhou dynasty, although the Zhou rulers had long since been unable to exercise control over more than their own fiefs. Chu was one of the first states to break with the established custom and give its rulers the title of wang, or “king,” thus removing any pretense of overall Zhou suzerainty.

      Chu's rapid expansion into North China was halted temporarily in the 7th century BCE, when the small states of the region banded together to protect themselves from being absorbed. But Chu continued nevertheless to be a major contender for power in China for the next 400 years. In the 3rd century BCE, Chu and six other major states finally absorbed all of the other little states and began a desperate struggle for supreme control of China. Chu itself was finally eliminated in 223, and the state of Qin united all of China two years later.

      When the Qin dynasty fell after ruling for less than 15 years, the rebels, led by a former aristocrat, Xiang Yu, installed a former member of the Chu ruling house as the new emperor of China. But this new Chu government survived only for a few months before Xiang Yu was defeated by one of his former generals, Liu Bang (Gaozu), who then established the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chu — or CHU may refer to: Surname Chu (Chinese surname), a common Chinese surname for 朱 (Zhu), but it can also refer to any Chinese surname whose pinyin is chu , such as 楚, 储, 褚, 初, 除 and other possible surnames. Spanish writing Chu (English Chou or… …   Wikipedia

  • Chu Ci — (traditional Chinese: 楚辭; simplified Chinese: 楚辞; pinyin: chǔ cí; Wade Giles: Ch u Tz u), also known as Songs of the South or Songs of Chu, is an anthology of Chinese verse traditionally attributed to Qu Yuan and Song Yu from the Warring States… …   Wikipedia

  • CHU — bezeichnet: einen Fluss in Laos und Vietnam, siehe Chu (Fluss Vietnam Laos) einen Fluss in Kirgisistan, siehe Tschüi eine Stadt in Kasachstan, siehe Schu (Kasachstan) das Rufzeichen eines kanadischen Zeitzeichensenders, siehe CHU… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chu — bezeichnet: einen Fluss in Laos und Vietnam, siehe Chu (Fluss Vietnam Laos) einen Fluss in Kirgisistan, siehe Tschüi eine Stadt in Kasachstan, siehe Schu (Kasachstan) ein chinesisches Instrument, siehe Chu (Instrument) eine veraltete… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CHU CI — est le nom d’un recueil de poèmes chinois dont la majeure partie fut composée entre la fin du IVe siècle et le début du IIe siècle avant J. C. Dans le titre du recueil, ci veut dire «paroles» ou «écriture», Chu désigne le plus méridional des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chu X-PO — Role Fighter National origin Republic of China Manufacturer AFAMF Air Force Aircraft Manufacturing Factory Designer Maj. Gen. Chu Chia Gen First flight 1943 Number built …   Wikipedia

  • Chu-ko-nu — La chu ko nu (諸葛弩 Zhuge Nu en chinois) ou arbalète à répétition est une petite arbalète chinoise à levier. Elle est apparue vers environ 1500, mais son nom provient d une version de l arme améliorée par Zhuge Liang (181 234), célèbre Chef… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chũ —   Township   …   Wikipedia

  • Chu ko nu — La chu ko nu (諸葛弩 Zhuge Nu en chinois) ou arbalète à répétition est une petite arbalète chinoise à levier. Son nom provient d une version de l arme améliorée par Zhuge Liang (181 234), célèbre Chef Militaire et Premier Ministre du Royaume de Shu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chu — (楚) fue un reinado situado en lo que hoy es China central y meridional durante el período de Primaveras y Otoños (722 481 a. C.) y el período de Reinos Combatientes (481 212 a. C.). Fue originalmente conocido como Jing (荆) y… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”