bird-of-paradise


bird-of-paradise
/berrd"euhv par"euh duys', -duyz'/, n., pl. birds-of-paradise.
1. Also called bird-of-paradise flower. any of several plants of the genus Strelitzia, native to southern Africa, esp. S. reginae, having a large, showy orange and blue inflorescence.
2. a small tree or shrub, Caesalpinia (Poinciana) gilliesii, native to South America, having featherlike leaves and showy yellow flowers with red stamens.
[1880-85]

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I
Any of about 40 species (family Paradisaeidae) of small to medium-size forest birds that are rivaled by only a few pheasants and hummingbirds in colour and in the bizarre shape of the males' plumage.

Courting males perform mating rituals for hours on a perch or in a cleared space on the forest floor. Birds-of-paradise are found in the highlands of New Guinea and on nearby islands; some species are also found in Australia. Among the most notable species are the plumebirds, which are 12–18 in. (30–46 cm) long and have central tail feathers elongated as wires or twisted ribbons.
II
or crane flower

Ornamental plant (Strelitzia reginae) of the family Strelitziaceae.

All five species of the genus Strelitzia are native to southern Africa. The large, showy Strelitzia flower has two erect, pointed petals and five stamens. One main bract, shaped like a boat, is green with red borders. It holds many long-stemmed orange and bright blue flowers, each resembling the crest and beak of a crane, giving the plant its common names.

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bird
(family Paradisaeidae) 

      any of about 40 species of small to medium-sized forest birds (order Passeriformes). They are rivalled only by a few pheasants and hummingbirds in colour and in the bizarre shape of the males' plumage. Courting males perform for hours on a chosen perch or in a cleared space (see lek) on the forest floor. After mating, the plain females generally make the nest and raise the one or two young unaided.

      Birds-of-paradise occur in New Guinea highlands and on nearby islands; species called manucodes (manucode) and riflebirds (riflebird) are found also in Australia. The largest manucode is the 45-centimetre (17 1/2-inch) curl-crested manucode (Manucodia comrii). The trumpetbird (Phonygammus keraudrenii) is 25 to 32 cm (10 to 12 1/2 in.) long and has head tufts as well as pointed neck feathers. It is named for the male's loud call. Others having special names include sicklebills and standardwings.

      Among the most notable birds-of-paradise are the plumebirds (plumebird)—the seven species of Paradisaea, 29 to 46 cm (11 1/2 to 18 in.) long. Their central tail feathers are elongated as wires or twisted narrow ribbons, and their filmy flank plumes can be raised and brought forward over the back, hiding the wings. The greater bird-of-paradise (P. apoda) has been introduced into the island of Little Tobago, in Trinidad and Tobago off the coast of Venezuela.

      The 12-wired bird-of-paradise (Seleucidis melanoleuca, sometimes S. ignotus) is a short-tailed, 33-cm bird with flank plumes elaborated as forward-curving wires.

 Grouped as flagbirds (flagbird) are the six-plumed birds-of-paradise—the four species of Parotia—and the King of Saxony's bird-of-paradise (Pteridophora alberti). The former have elaborate flank plumes as well as six flag-tipped wires projecting back from the head; the latter has a shoulder-cape and a pair of long head-streamers composed of about 40 squarish lobes with an enameled appearance.

      The superb bird-of-paradise (Lophorina superba) has a spreading breast shield and a broad cape that turns into a head-fan. The magnificent bird-of-paradise (Diphyllodes magnificus) and Wilson's bird-of-paradise (D. respublica) are caped and have two wirelike tail feathers curving outward; in Wilson's the crown is bare and has a “cross of Christ” pattern. The king bird-of-paradise (Cicinnurus regius), only 13 to 17 cm long, has similar but flag-tipped tailwires and fanlike side plumes.

      In the five species of long-tailed birds-of-paradise (Astrapia), males are shining black, sometimes with iridescent ruffs, and have long graduated tails of broad black or black-and-white feathers; total length may be 80 to 115 cm.

      The other “paradise” birds are far less colourful. Among them are the sickle-crested, or mocha-breasted, bird-of-paradise (Cnemophilus macgregorii); the wattle-billed, or golden-silky, bird-of-paradise (Loboparadisea sericea); and Loria's, or Lady Macgregor's, bird-of-paradise (Loria loriae)—three species formerly classified as bowerbirds.

      Riflebirds are three species of the genus Ptiloris, named perhaps for resemblance of the males' plumage to an early-day British rifleman's uniform. The name has also been attributed to the calls of Queen Victoria's riflebird (P. victoriae) and the paradise riflebird (P. paradiseus)—prolonged hisses, like the passage of bullets through the air.

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Universalium. 2010.

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