biome


biome
/buy"ohm/, n. Ecol.
a complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant and animal species and maintained under the climatic conditions of the region, esp. such a community that has developed to climax.
[1915-20; BI-2 + -ome -OMA]

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Largest geographic biotic unit, a major community of plants and animals with similar requirements of environmental conditions.

It includes various communities and developmental stages of communities and is named for the dominant type of vegetation, such as grassland or coniferous forest. Several similar biomes constitute a biome type; for example, the temperate deciduous forest biome type includes the deciduous forest biomes of Asia, Europe, and North America. The standard European term for biome is "major life zone."

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also called  major life zone,  
 the largest geographic biotic unit, a major community of plants and animals with similar life forms and environmental conditions. It includes various communities and is named for the dominant type of vegetation, such as grassland or coniferous forest. Several similar biomes constitute a biome type—for example, the temperate deciduous forest biome type includes the deciduous forest biomes of Asia, Europe, and North America. “Major life zone” is the European phrase for the North American biome concept.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • biome — biome …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Biome — Bi ome (b[imac] [=o]m), n. [Gr. bi os life.] 1. (Ecology) a specific type of complex ecological community characterized by specific environmental conditions and a distinctive group of plants and animals, maintained in a relatively stable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • biome — ● biome nom masculin Très vaste milieu de vie, d extension mondiale, sous un même climat. (Les principaux biomes sont la toundra, la forêt tempérée, la savane, la steppe, le désert, la forêt tropicale et équatoriale, les eaux fluviales, les eaux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Biome — Biome, aus vielen Ökosystemen zusammengesetzte, selbst wieder Ökosysteme bildende Großlebensräume wie Tundren, Steppen, Wüsten, tropische Regenwälder …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • biome — 1908, from Gk. bios (see BIO (Cf. bio )) + ome …   Etymology dictionary

  • biome — [bī′ōm΄] n. [< BI(O) + ModL oma, OMA] any of several major life zones of interrelated plants and animals determined by the climate, as deciduous forest or desert: see ASSOCIATION (sense 6) …   English World dictionary

  • Biome — The planet Earth Biomes are climatically and geographically defined as similar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms,[1] and are of …   Wikipedia

  • Biome — Répartition géographique des différents biomes forêts caducifiées forêts de conifères autres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Biome — Ein Biom ist ein Großlebensraum der Biosphäre, zur Abgrenzung werden die Pflanzenformationen herangezogen. Es handelt sich also um eine physiognomische Klassifikation, die Gebiete mit einem einheitlichen Spektrum an Lebensformen der Pflanzen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • biome — /ˈbaɪoʊm / (say buyohm) noun a major regional ecological community of plants and animals adapted to a particular climate or environment and extending over a large geographical area, as coral reef, tropical rainforest, etc. {bi(o) + ome} Biomes… …   Australian English dictionary


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