Big Ben

Big Ben
the bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in London, England.
[1890-95]

* * *

Clock designed by Sir Edmund Beckett (1816–1905), housed in the tower at the eastern end of Britain's Houses of Parliament.

Big Ben is famous for its accuracy and its 13-ton bell. The name (for Sir Benjamin Hall, commissioner of works at the time of its installation in 1859) originally applied only to the bell, but eventually came to include the clock itself.

* * *

 tower clock, famous for its accuracy and for its massive bell (weighing more than 13 tons [about 11,800 kg]). Strictly speaking, the name refers to only the great hour bell, but it is commonly associated with the whole Clock Tower, at the northern end of the Houses of Parliament (Parliament, Houses of), in the London borough of Westminster (Westminster, City of). The hands of the clock are 9 and 14 feet (2.7 and 4.3 metres) long respectively, and the clock tower rises to 316 feet (96 metres). Originally in coordination with the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the chimes of Big Ben have been broadcast, with a few interruptions, since 1924 as a daily time signal by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

 The clock was designed by Edmund Beckett Denison (later Lord Grimthorpe (Grimthorpe, Edmund Beckett, 1st Baron)), partially built by Edward Dent (Dent, Edward John), and finished by his son, Frederick Dent. The clock and bell were installed together in 1859. The nickname is said by some historians to stand for Sir Benjamin Hall, the commissioner of works.

 The first casting of the bell had failed; the second casting was made by George Mears of Whitechapel and was pulled to the tower by a wagon team of 16 horses. Shortly after it was installed, it too developed a crack and was kept out of service until its repair in 1862. In 1934 and 1956 the bell was restored and repaired. Maintenance work was performed on the clock in 2007.

Jonathan D. Betts
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Big Ben — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Imagen del Big Ben. Big Ben es el nombre con que se conoce a la Gran campana de Westminster, la mayor de las campanas que se encuentran dentro de la Torre y que forman parte del Gran Reloj de Westminster, a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Big Ben — es el nombre familiar que se le da a la torre del reloj del Palacio de Westminster en Londres, así como la gran campana que alberga. Esta torre se encuentra al noroeste del palacio, y contiene tanto la campana como el gran reloj que la preside. * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Big Ben —    Big Ben, the famous bell in the Clock Tower that strikes the hour over the British Houses of Parliament and is sounded by the British Broadcasting Company throughout the world, was originally cast in 1856. But the fifteen ton bell showed a… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Big Ben — (izg. bìg bèn) m DEFINICIJA glasoviti sat koji se od 1859. nalazi na I krilu zgrade britanskog parlamenta, poznat po svojoj točnosti i zvonu od trinaest tona (dizajn i projekt Edmund Beckett) ETIMOLOGIJA engl …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Big Ben — the large bell in the tower of the ↑Houses of Parliament in London, which rings regularly to tell the time …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Big Ben — a large bell in the tower next to the Houses of Parliament in London, England, on which there is a clock. This name is often used for referring to the tower or its clock …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Big Ben — clock in the Parliament tower in London, generally said to have been named for Sir Benjamin Hall (1802 1867), first Chief Commissioner of Works, under whose supervision the bell was cast …   Etymology dictionary

  • Big Ben — n. 1. the great bell in the Parliament clock tower in London 2. the clock in this tower 3. the tower itself …   English World dictionary

  • Big Ben — For other uses, see Big Ben (disambiguation). Big Ben is i …   Wikipedia

  • Big Ben — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Big Ben (homonymie). Big Ben …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Big Ben — Uhrturm …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»