- Benedict XIII
(Pietro Francesco Orsini)1649-1730, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1724-30.
* * *orig. Pedro de Lunaborn с 1328, Illueca, Kingdom of Aragondied 1423, Peñíscola, in ValenciaAntipope (1394–1423).A French professor of canon law, he was named a cardinal in 1375. When the Western Schism began in 1378, he supported the antipope Clement VII. Elected pope at Avignon (see Avignon papacy), he refused French pressure to abdicate and was besieged in the papal palace (1398). Benedict escaped to Provence in 1403 and won back the obedience of France. He refused to yield when deposed by the Councils of Pisa (1409) and Constance (1417).
* * *▪ popeoriginal name Pietro Francesco Vincenzo Maria Orsiniborn Feb. 2, 1649, Gravina, Kingdom of Naplesdied Feb. 21, 1730, Romepope from 1724 to 1730.Entering the Dominican order in 1667, Orsini taught philosophy at Brescia, Venetian Republic, before Pope Clement X made him cardinal in 1672. He was successively archbishop of Manfredonia (1675), of Cesena (1680), and of Benevento (1686). He had taken part in five conclaves for the election of popes before the conclave that chose him on May 29. His attack on the extravagance of the cardinals and on the worldliness of ecclesiastics, most forcefully asserted at a provincial council at Rome (1725), had little effect. His own mode of living was noted for its simplicity, as he retained his monastic lifestyle. He even banned the popular lottery in Rome. Unfortunately, he left state affairs almost entirely to the unpopular cardinal Niccolò Coscia, whose abuse of his office to amass riches marred Benedict's reign. Papal relations with the Bourbon monarchies of France and Spain, made difficult by the belief in absolutism that prevailed among European kings in the 18th century, were allowed to deteriorate. He continued the opposition of the papacy to Jansenism, a Roman Catholic movement of unorthodox tendencies that had begun in 17th-century France, although he allowed the Dominicans to preach the Augustinian doctrine of grace, which bordered on the Jansenist teaching. A scholar, Benedict wrote many theological works.
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Benedict XIII — Pope Benedict XIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XIII (PIETRO FRANCESCO ORSINI) Born 2 February, 1649; died 23 February, 1730. Being a son of Ferdinando Orsini and Giovanna Frangipani of Tolpha, he belonged to the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict XIII — may refer to:*Pope Benedict XIII (1649 – 1730), pope from 1724 1730 *Avignon Pope Benedict XIII ((1328 1423), officially considered an anti pope by the Roman Catholic Church; he was based in Avignon, France in opposition to the pope in Rome … Wikipedia
Benedict XIII — (d. 1423) Antipope. Benedict XIII was born Pedro de Luna. An expert in Canon Law, he was made a Cardinal in 1375. After the death of Antipope Clement VII in 1394, he was elected in his place on the understanding that he would resign in… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Benedict (XIII) — ▪ antipope original name Pedro de Luna born c. 1328, Illueca, Kingdom of Aragon died 1423, Peñíscola, in Valencia antipope from 1394 to 1417. He reigned in Avignon, Provence, in opposition to the reigning popes in Rome, during the Western … Universalium
Benedict XIII — (Pietro Francesco Orsini) 1649 1730, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1724 30 … Useful english dictionary
Benedict XIII, Pope — • Reigned 1724 1730 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Antipope Benedict XIII — Benedict XIII, born Pedro Martínez de Luna, (1328 May 23 1423), known as el Papa Luna in Aragonese and Spanish, was an Aragonese, and is officially considered by the Roman Catholic Church to be an Antipope.Benedict should not be confused with the … Wikipedia
Pope Benedict XIII — Infobox pope|English name=Benedict XIII [Pope Benedict X is now considered an antipope. At the time, however, this status was not recognized and so the man the Roman Catholic church officially considers the tenth true Pope Benedict took the… … Wikipedia
Pope Benedict XIII — Pope Benedict XIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XIII (PIETRO FRANCESCO ORSINI) Born 2 February, 1649; died 23 February, 1730. Being a son of Ferdinando Orsini and Giovanna Frangipani of Tolpha, he belonged to the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Benedict XIV — Pope Benedict XIV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict XIV (PROSPERO LORENZO LAMBERTINI.) Son of Marcello Lambertini and Lucretia Bulgarini, b. at Bologna 31 March, 1675; d. 3 May, 1758. His early education was received from… … Catholic encyclopedia