Belshazzar


Belshazzar
/bel shaz"euhr/, n.
a prince of Babylon, son of Nabonidus and co-regent with him, referred to in the Bible as a king of Babylon and son of Nebuchadnezzar. Dan. 5.
[ < Heb Belshassar < Akkadian Bel-shar-usur may Bel guard the king]

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died с 539 BC

Coregent of Babylon.

Though he is referred to in the book of Daniel as the son of Nebuchadrezzar, Babylonian inscriptions suggest that he was the eldest son of King Nabonidus. When the king went into exile in 550 BC, the kingdom and most of its army were entrusted to Belshazzar. In the biblical story Belshazzar holds a last great feast at which he sees a hand writing on a wall the Aramaic words "mene, mene, tekel, upharsin," which Daniel interprets as a judgment from God foretelling the fall of Babylon. Belshazzar died after Babylon fell to the Persians in 539 BC.

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▪ king of Babylonia
Neo-Babylonian  Bel-shar-usur , Greek  Baltasar , or  Balthasar 
died c. 539 BC

      coregent of Babylon who was killed at the capture of the city by the Persians.

      Belshazzar had been known only from the biblical Book of Daniel (chapters 5, 7–8) and from Xenophon's Cyropaedia until 1854, when references to him were found in Babylonian cuneiform inscriptions. Though he is referred to in the Book of Daniel as the son of Nebuchadrezzar, the Babylonian inscriptions indicate that he was in fact the eldest son of Nabonidus, who was king of Babylon from 555 to 539, and of Nitocris, who was perhaps a daughter of Nebuchadrezzar. When Nabonidus went into exile (550), he entrusted Belshazzar with the throne and the major part of his army.

      During his coregency Belshazzar administered the government, his own estates, and those of his father, though, according to the Book of Daniel, famine and economic setbacks occurred late in his rule. According to the accounts in the Bible and Xenophon, Belshazzar held a last great feast at which he saw a hand writing on a wall the following words in Aramaic: “mene, mene, tekel, upharsin.” The prophet Daniel, interpreting the handwriting on the wall as God's judgment on the king, foretold the imminent destruction of the city. Belshazzar died after Babylon fell to the Persian general Gobyras without resistance on Oct. 12, 539, and probably before the Persian king Cyrus II entered the city 17 days later.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Belshazzar — (or Balthazar ; Akkadian Bel sarra usur ) was a prince of Babylon, the son of Nabonidus, the last king of Babylon according to the Book of Daniel. In the Book of Daniel (chapters 5 and 8) of the Jewish Tanakh or Christian Old Testament,… …   Wikipedia

  • BELSHAZZAR — (Heb. בֵּלְשַׁאצַּר, בֵּלְאשַׁצַּר; the Akkadian name Bel šar uṣur, O Bel, guard the king ; LXX, Βαλτασάρ), son of nebuchadnezzar and the last king of Babylon, according to the Book of Daniel. The biblical account (Dan. 5) relates that Belshazzar …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Belshazzar — (HWV 61) ist ein Oratorium in drei Teilen von Georg Friedrich Händel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Entstehung 2 Libretto 3 Personen 4 Weblinks 5 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belshazzar — • The Greek and Latin name for Belshazzar, which is the Hebrew equivalent for Bel­sarra­usur, i.e., May Bel protect the king Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Belshazzar — last Chaldean king of Babylon (Dan. v), from Heb. Belshatztzar, a contraction of Akkad. Bel shar usur, lit. Bel protect the king (see BEL (Cf. Bel)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Belshazzar — [bel shaz′ər] n. [Heb belshatsar < Akkadian bēl sharra uşur, lit., “Bel, protect the king”] Bible the last king of Babylon, who was warned of defeat by the handwriting on the wall: Dan. 5 …   English World dictionary

  • Belshazzar — Cet article concerne l œuvre lyrique. Pour le roi de Babylone cité dans le Livre de Daniel, voir Balthazar (roi). Belshazzar est un oratorio en trois actes composé entre août et octobre 1744 par Georg Friedrich Haendel, pour soprano, 2 altos, 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Belshazzar —    Bel protect the king!, the last of the kings of Babylon (Dan. 5:1). He was the son of Nabonidus by Nitocris, who was the daughter of Nebuchadnezzar and the widow of Nergal sharezer. When still young he made a great feast to a thousand of his… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Belshazzar — Incorrectly asserted in Dan. 5:2 to be the son of Nebuchadnezzar and last king of Babylon. Cuneiform [[➝ cuneiform]] inscriptions found at Ur, however, show that he was the son of Nabonidus of Babylon (556–539 BCE) and that he ruled as regent… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Belshazzar — noun (Old Testament) Babylonian general and son of Nebuchadnezzar II; according to the Old Testament he was warned of his doom by divine handwriting on the wall that was interpreted by Daniel (6th century BC) (Freq. 1) • Topics: ↑Old Testament •… …   Useful english dictionary


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