Belleville


Belleville
/bel"vil/, n.
1. a city in SW Illinois. 42,150.
2. a city in NE New Jersey. 35,367.
3. a city in S Ontario, in S Canada. 34,881.

* * *

      city, seat (1814) of St. Clair county, southwestern Illinois, U.S. It lies east of the Mississippi River, about 16 miles (26 km) from St. Louis (Saint Louis), Missouri.

      Located on bluffs forming the eastern rim of a floodplain along the Mississippi River, it was founded by George Blair of France in 1814 and given the French name for “Beautiful City.” For decades beginning in the 1830s, the city was transformed by an influx of German immigrants and the opening of coal mines in the vicinity. Belleville's economy was diversified, with coal mining and manufacturing (cooking and heating equipment) as the primary factors. Scott Air Force Base (1917) is just east and forms the basis of the city's economy. Agriculture (corn [maize], soybeans, wheat, and livestock) is also important, and there is some manufacturing of appliances and space heaters. Belleville is the seat of Southwestern Illinois (community) College (1946). Local attractions include a historical museum, located in a Greek Revival-style home built in 1866; the (Roman Catholic) Cathedral of St. Peter, founded in 1842 and modeled after a church in Exeter, England; and Emma Kunz House Museum, located in a typical German “street house” built in 1830. The 200-acre (80-hectare) National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows (1958) is located just northwest. MidAmerica St. Louis Airport is located in Mascoutah, east of Belleville. Inc. village, 1819; city, 1850. Pop. (1990) 42,785; (2000) 41,410.

      city, seat (1792) of Hastings county, southeastern Ontario, Canada, on the Bay of Quinte, an inlet of Lake Ontario, at the mouth of the Moira River.

      The site was first visited by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain (Champlain, Samuel de) in 1615; it was settled after 1776 by loyalists (loyalist) from the United States and named Meyers' Creek for John Meyers, an early gristmill operator. In 1816 the city was renamed Belleville in honour of Arabella Gore, wife of Francis Gore, lieutenant governor of Upper Canada. Reached by the railroad in 1855, it soon became an important terminal and service centre.

      Economic activities include dairying (especially cheese making), meat-packing, and the manufacture of cement, conveyor machinery, plastics, and electronic equipment. Belleville is also a vacation resort and the site of Albert College (founded in 1854), the Loyalist College of Applied Arts and Technology, and a school for the deaf. Both national transcontinental railroads and the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, which links Windsor, Toronto (113 miles [182 km] west), and Montreal (232 miles [373 km] east), serve the city. Inc. town, 1850; city, 1877. Pop. (2006) 48,821.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Belleville — (French, literally beautiful town ) is the name of several places in the world. North America;Canada *Belleville, Ontario;United States of America *Belleville, Arkansas *Belleville, California *Belleville, Illinois *Belleville, Kansas *Belleville …   Wikipedia

  • Belleville — ist der Name folgender Orte: in Frankreich Belleville (Meurthe et Moselle) Belleville (Rhône) Belleville (Deux Sèvres) Belleville (Seine), ehemalige Gemeinde, am 1. Januar 1860 zu Paris eingemeindet Belleville (Paris), Stadtteil von Paris Kanton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Belleville — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Belleville (en francés, literalmente ciudad hermosa ) es el nombre de varios lugares en el mundo. América del Norte Belleville es el nombre de varios lugares en América del Norte. Belleville, Ontario, Canadá… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Belleville — Belleville, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 371 Housing Units (2000): 176 Land area (2000): 1.850161 sq. miles (4.791894 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.850161 sq. miles (4.791894… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belleville — • Diocese comprising part of southern Illinois Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Belleville     Belleville     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Belleville — (Omachi,Япония) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 398 0001 Нагано, Omachi, Taira …   Каталог отелей

  • Belleville, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 371 Housing Units (2000): 176 Land area (2000): 1.850161 sq. miles (4.791894 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.850161 sq. miles (4.791894 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belleville, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 41410 Housing Units (2000): 19142 Land area (2000): 18.853883 sq. miles (48.831331 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.127839 sq. miles (0.331101 sq. km) Total area (2000): 18.981722 sq. miles (49.162432 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belleville, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 2239 Housing Units (2000): 1259 Land area (2000): 1.941845 sq. miles (5.029355 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.041030 sq. miles (0.106267 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.982875 sq. miles (5.135622 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belleville, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 3997 Housing Units (2000): 1931 Land area (2000): 1.135411 sq. miles (2.940702 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.038683 sq. miles (0.100189 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.174094 sq. miles (3.040891 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Belleville, NJ — U.S. Census Designated Place in New Jersey Population (2000): 35928 Housing Units (2000): 14144 Land area (2000): 3.343917 sq. miles (8.660705 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.068733 sq. miles (0.178018 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.412650 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places