beatitude


beatitude
/bee at"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n.
1. supreme blessedness; exalted happiness.
2. (often cap.) any of the declarations of blessedness pronounced by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount.
[1375-1425; late ME < L beatitudo perfect happiness, equiv. to beati- (see BEATIFIC) + -tudo -TUDE]

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      any of the blessings said by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount as told in the biblical New Testament in Matthew 5:3–12 and in the Sermon on the Plain in Luke 6:20–23. Named from the initial words (beati sunt, “blessed are”) of those sayings in the Latin Vulgate Bible, the Beatitudes describe the blessedness of those who have certain qualities or experiences peculiar to those belonging to the Kingdom of Heaven.

      The four blessings in the Sermon on the Plain may have been the nucleus of the expanded nine in the Sermon on the Mount. In addition to these two compilations, other Beatitudes are found in other places in the New Testament (e.g., Matthew 11:6, Luke 7:23, and John 20:29).

      In the Revised Standard Version, the nine Beatitudes of Matthew 5:3–12 read as follows:

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so men persecuted the prophets who were before you.

      The four Beatitudes of Luke 6:20–23 read as follows:

Blessed are you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
Blessed are you that hunger now, for you shall be satisfied.
Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh.
Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude you and revile you, and cast out your name as evil, on account of the Son of man! Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven; for so their fathers did to the prophets.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • béatitude — [ beatityd ] n. f. • 1265; lat. ecclés. beatitudo, de beatus « heureux » 1 ♦ Théol. Félicité parfaite dont jouissent les élus. 2 ♦ (1546) Bonheur parfait. ⇒ bien être, contentement , euphorie, extase, quiétude, satisfaction. Plongé dans une douce …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • BEATITUDE — (Heb. הַצְלָחָה, haẓlaḥah; osher), the blissful state of the soul in the World to Come (olam ha ba ) that constitutes the ultimate end of human life. Medieval Jewish philosophy fused rabbinic religious ethics and eschatology with the teleological …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • béatitude — BÉATITUDE. s. f. Félicité, bonheur. Il ne se dit guère que De la félicité éternelle. La vraie béatitude consiste dans la vue de Dieu. Les avant goûts de la béatitude. Parvenir à la béatitude. Jouir de la béatitude. Il n y a point de véritable… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • beatitude — Beatitude. s. f. Felicité, bonheur. Il ne se dit guere que de la felicité éternelle. La vraye beatitude consiste dans la veuë de Dieu. les avantgousts de la beatitude. parvenir à la beatitude. jouïr de la beatitude. en quoy consiste la beatitude… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Beatitude — Béatitude Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Une béatitude est un événement ou un fait qui peut rendre le bonheur. Les huit béatitudes ont été prononcées par Jésus de Nazareth dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • beatitude — [bē at′ə to͞od΄, bē at′ətyo͞od΄] n. [LME < MFr béatitude or ML(Ec) beatitudo, happiness, beatitude < LL(Ec) < L, happiness < beatus: see BONUS] perfect blessedness or happiness the Beatitudes the pronouncements in the Sermon on the… …   English World dictionary

  • beatitude — early 15c., supreme happiness, from M.Fr. béatitude (15c.) and directly from L. beatitudinem (nom. beatitudo) state of blessedness, from pp. stem of beare make happy, related to BENE (Cf. bene ). As a declaration of blessedness (usually plural,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • beatitude — s. f. 1. Bem aventurança. 2. Felicidade de quem sente deleite em contemplações místicas. 3.  [Figurado] Felicidade, bem estar. 4. Tratamento dado aos papas. (Neste caso escreve se com inicial maiúscula: Vossa Beatitude.) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Beatitude — Be*at i*tude, n. [L. beatitudo: cf. F. b[ e]atitude. See {Beatify}.] 1. Felicity of the highest kind; consummate bliss. [1913 Webster] 2. Any one of the nine declarations (called the Beatitudes), made in the Sermon on the Mount ( Matt. v. 3 12),… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • beatitude — blessedness, bliss, felicity, *happiness Analogous words: rapture, *ecstasy, transport: joy, fruition, enjoyment, *pleasure Antonyms: despair: dolor Contrasted words: tribulation, affliction, *trial, cross: anguish, woe, * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • beatitude — [n] blessedness bliss, ecstasy, felicity, happiness, peace, serenity; concept 410 …   New thesaurus


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