bazooka


bazooka
/beuh zooh"keuh/, n. Mil.
a tube-shaped, portable rocket launcher that fires a rocket capable of penetrating several inches of armor plate, as of a tank or other armored military vehicle.
[1930-35, Amer.; from its resemblance to a musical instrument so named, invented and played by comedian Bob Burns in the 1930s and 1940s]

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Shoulder-type rocket launcher adopted by the U.S. Army in World War II. It consisted of a smoothbore steel tube, originally about 5 ft (1.5 m) long, open at both ends and equipped with a hand grip, shoulder rest, trigger mechanism, and sights.

Officially named the M9A1 Rocket Launcher, it was called bazooka after the crude horn of that name used by a popular radio comedian. It was developed chiefly for attacking tanks and fortified positions at short range. The U.S. Army abandoned it during the Vietnam War in favour of lighter-weight antitank weapons.

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weapon
 shoulder-type rocket launcher adopted by the U.S. Army in World War II. The weapon consisted of a smooth-bore steel tube, originally about 5 feet (1.5 metres) long, open at both ends and equipped with a hand grip, a shoulder rest, a trigger mechanism, and sights. Officially titled the M9A1 Rocket Launcher, it was called bazooka after a crude horn of that name used by radio comedian Bob Burns.

      The bazooka was developed chiefly for attacking tanks (tank) and fortified positions at short range. It launched a 3.5-pound (1.6-kg) rocket with a diameter of 2.36 inches (60 mm) and a length of 19 inches (483 mm). The rocket carried 8 ounces (225 grams) of pentolite, a powerful explosive that could penetrate as much as 5 inches (127 mm) of armour plate. To escape backblast, the operator held the bazooka on his shoulder with about half the tube protruding behind him. During the Korean War the M20 “Super Bazooka” was used. This was an aluminum tube that launched a 3.5-inch (89-mm), 9-pound (4-kg) rocket carrying 2 pounds (0.9 kg) of combined RDX/TNT explosive. The chief defects of both bazookas were their cumbersome weight and length and their short effective range (about 120 yards [110 metres]). For this reason, beginning in the Vietnam War the U.S. Army abandoned bazookas in favour of light antitank weapons, or LAWs, such as the M72, a one-shot disposable weapon that weighed 5 pounds (2.3 kg) fully loaded yet could launch its rocket with reasonable accuracy out to 350 yards (320 metres).

      The bazooka was the first weapon of its kind—that is, the first infantry weapon capable of reliably destroying a tank—and it inspired the German Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust. The latter was the first rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) and thus the progenitor of the most common infantry antitank weapon from the 1960s on.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bazooka — [ bazuka ] n. m. • 1942; mot angl. amér. ♦ Lance roquettes antichar. Des bazookas. ● bazooka nom masculin (mot américain) Tube en tôle ouvert aux deux extrémités, tirant un projectile autopropulsé de 75 mm (arme antichar). ● bazooka (difficultés) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bazooka — BAZÓOKA subst. Aruncător de grenade antitanc. [pr.: bazúca] – cuv. am. Trimis de valeriu, 03.04.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  BAZOOKA s.f. Armă antitanc portativă, folosită prima dată de americani în cel de al doilea război mondial. [pron. zú ca. / <… …   Dicționar Român

  • bazooka — (pronunc. [bazóca] o [bazúca]) amb., más frec., m. Forma inglesa correspondiente a la castellanizada «bazuca» …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bazooka — → bazuca …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • bazooka — metal tube rocket launcher, 1942, from name of a junkyard musical instrument used (c.1935) as a prop by U.S. comedian Bob Burns (1896 1956); extension of bazoo, slang for mouth or boastful talk (1877), probably from Du. bazuin trumpet …   Etymology dictionary

  • bazooka — /badˈdzuka, ingl. bəˈzuːkə/ [vc. ingl. d America, propriamente «strumento simile a un trombone» dal pop. bazoo «trombetta» (?)] s. m. inv. 1. (milit.) lanciarazzi anticarro 2. (di cinepresa) cavalletto …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • bazooka — ž DEFINICIJA v. bazuka (2) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • bazooka — ► NOUN 1) a short range rocket launcher used against tanks. 2) a kazoo shaped like a trumpet. ORIGIN apparently from US slang bazoo in the sense «kazoo» …   English terms dictionary

  • bazooka — ☆ bazooka [bə zo͞o′kə ] n. [extension of BAZOO: name applied by Bob Burns (1896 1956), U.S. comedian, to a comic musical horn made of two gas pipes and a whiskey funnel] a portable weapon of metal tubing, for aiming and launching armor piercing… …   English World dictionary

  • Bazooka — Infobox Weapon name= Launcher, Rocket, Antitank, M 9 Series caption= M9A1 Bazooka with larger M20 Super Bazooka origin=flagcountry|United States type= Recoilless rocket antitank weapon is ranged=yes is explosive=yes is artillery=yes service=… …   Wikipedia

  • Bazooka — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bazooka (homonymie). Soldats américains pendant la Guerre de Corée …   Wikipédia en Français


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