Basilan


Basilan
/beuh see"lahn/, n.
1. an island in the Philippines, SW of Mindanao. 495 sq. mi. (1282 sq. km).
2. Formerly, Isabela. a city on this island. 201,407.

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 island and city, southern Philippines, in the Celebes Sea. Basilan island lies 5 miles (8 km) off the southern tip of the Zamboanga Peninsula of Mindanao, across the Basilan Strait. It is the largest and northernmost island of the Sulu Archipelago. Most of the island consists of rugged or rolling forested uplands, with several volcanic peaks exceeding heights of 2,000 feet (600 m). Short streams provide a roughly radial pattern of drainage. Since about 1900, lumber mills have operated in the tropical rainforest. The island's gentle, rolling slopes and its valleys have fertile soils and are largely under plantation agriculture. Rubber, the primary crop, is processed on the plantations and sold to Manila factories.

      The inhabitants are Yakans, descendants of early Papuan settlers who were converted to Islām during the 14th century. Their culture includes many non-Muslim beliefs and customs. Unlike the Muslims of Jolo and Zamboanga, they are not beach dwellers and fishermen but live on higher lands and cultivate coconuts, rice, corn (maize), abaca, and coffee. In the 20th century, as more land was cleared by timber extraction, Christian Filipinos, mainly from the Visayan Islands, migrated to Basilan in considerable numbers. The University of the Philippines (at Diliman, Quezon City) owns a 10,000-acre (4,000-hectare) land grant on the northern coast.

      The chief settlement is Isabela (also called Basilan City), and other towns include Lamitan, in the north of the island, and Maluso, in the west. The island was one of the centres of the 1972 Muslim rebellion in southern Mindanao.

      Basilan City is the headquarters of the Menzi Agricultural Corporation, which operates harvesting and processing facilities for the surrounding agricultural region. Important local products include rubber latex, palm oil, and coffee. Area 495 square miles (1,282 square km). Pop. (2000) island, 332,828; Isabela mun., 73,032.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Basilán — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Provincia de Basilan …   Wikipedia Español

  • BASILAN — BASILA Petite île volcanique des Philippines située au sud ouest de l’île de Mindanao, Basilan en est séparée par le détroit de Basilan (201 000 hab. en 1980). Son relief est très accidenté: l’île compte une vingtaine de volcans, dont le Lamitan… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Basīlan — (Baseelan, Bassilan), eine der größten Inseln im Sulu Archipelagus, in südwestlicher Richtung von der Insel Mindanao (s.d.), von welcher sie durch die Basilanstraße getrennt ist …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Basilan — Basilan, Inselgruppe der Suluinseln, eine Provinz des Distrikts Mindanao (Philippinen), an der Südwestspitze der Insel und von ihr durch die Basilanstraße getrennt, unter 6°30´ nördl. Br. und 121° östl. L., besteht aus der Hauptinsel B. und 50… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Basilan — [bä sē′län] largest island of the Sulu Archipelago, the Philippines, southwest of Mindanao: 495 sq mi (1,282 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Basilan — Infobox Philippine province name = Basilan sealfile = ph seal basilan.png|100px region = Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) capital = Isabela City (Zamboanga Peninsula) founded = December 27, 1973 pop2000 = 496,503 pop2000rank = 20th… …   Wikipedia

  • Basilan — 6°34′50″N 122°02′16″E / 6.58056, 122.03778 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basilan — geographical name 1. island Philippines SW of Mindanao area 495 square miles (1287 square kilometers) 2. city comprising Basilan Island and several small nearby islands …   New Collegiate Dictionary