basidiocarp


basidiocarp
/beuh sid"ee oh kahrp'/, n. Mycol.
the fruiting body of basidiomycetes that produces the basidia.
[BASIDI(UM) + -O- + -CARP]

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also called  basidioma 

      in fungi, a large sporophore, or fruiting body, in which sexually produced spores are formed on the surface of club-shaped structures (basidia). Basidiocarps are found among the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.), with the exception of the rust and smut fungi. The largest basidiocarps include giant puffballs (Calvatia gigantea), which can be 1.6 m (5.25 feet) long, 1.35 m broad, and 24 cm (9.5 inches) high, and those of bracket fungi (Polyporus squamosus)—2 m in diameter. The smallest are single cells of the yeastlike Sporobolomyces.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basidiocarp — A basidiocarp, basidiome or basidioma (plural: basidiomata), is the sporocarp of a basidiomycete, the multi cellular structure on which the spore producing hymenium is borne. Basidiocarps are characteristic of the hymenomycetes; rusts and smuts… …   Wikipedia

  • basidiocarp — (bah sid e o karp ) The fruiting body of a basidiomycete that contains the basidia …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • basidiocarp — noun A mushroom which has basidia …   Wiktionary

  • basidiocarp — ba·sid·io·carp (bə sidґe o kahrp″) [basidium + carp] the large fruiting body characteristic of the majority of fungi of the subphylum Basidiomycotina; it is composed of masses of intertwined hyphal elements and produces basidia.… …   Medical dictionary

  • basidiocarp — ba|si|di|o|carp Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • basidiocarp — ba·sid·io·carp …   English syllables

  • basidiocarp — noun the fruiting body of a basidiomycete which bears its spores on special cells • Hypernyms: ↑fruiting body • Part Holonyms: ↑basidiomycete, ↑basidiomycetous fungi * * * bəˈsidēōˌkärp, ēəˌ noun ( s) …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Trama (mycology) — In mycology trama is a term for the inner, fleshy portion of a mushroom s basidiocarp, or fruit body. It is distinct from the outer layer of tissue, known as the pileipellis or cuticle, and from the spore bearing tissue layer known as the… …   Wikipedia


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