Barquisimeto


Barquisimeto
/bahrdd'kee see me"taw/, n.
a city in N Venezuela. 421,617.

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City (pop., 2000 est.: 875,790), northwestern Venezuela.

The capital of Lara state, it is located at the northern end of the Cordillera Mérida, at an elevation of 1,800 ft (500 m). Founded in 1552 as Nueva Segovia, it is one of the country's oldest cities. It was almost destroyed by an earthquake in 1812 and was further damaged in 19th-century civil wars. It is a hub of transport and commerce and the centre of an agricultural region.

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      city, capital of Lara estado (state), northwestern Venezuela. Situated on a wide terrace of the Turbio River at 1,856 feet (566 m) above sea level, Barquisimeto is swept by the drying trade winds but has a warm climate (mean average temperature 75° F [24° C]). One of Venezuela's oldest cities, it was founded in 1552 by the Spanish interim governor Juan de Villegas, who originally named the city Nueva Segovia, after his home in Spain. Shortly after the city's founding, gold was discovered nearby at San Felipe and Los Teques; these mines were first worked by black slaves, who revolted and were suppressed by Diego de Losada y Quiroga when they threatened Nueva Segovia sometime prior to 1569. The local Jirajira Indians also revolted at about this time but were not defeated until 1628. The city was attacked in 1561 by Lope de Aguirre (Aguirre, Lope de), but the attack failed when Aguirre's men accepted royal pardons, abandoning him and his daughter, both of whom died in the aftermath. Aguirre's name survives in the local Tirano Aguirre, an ignis fatuus, or ephemeral light seen at night in the savanna surrounding the city. The city was almost destroyed by an earthquake in 1812 and was further damaged in the war of independence and, later, by the civil wars of the 19th century.

      Barquisimeto's rise among Venezuelan cities was because of its strategic position as the hub of transport and commerce between the central and western parts of Venezuela. It also serves as the centre of a large agricultural area that produces sisal, cacao, cattle, sugarcane, and coffee, as well as subsistence crops. In the 1960s it gained industrial stature, manufacturing rope and twine, food products, cement, and other items. In the centre of the city's broad streets and tall buildings stands a 230-foot (70-metre) tower built in 1952 to commemorate the city's 400th anniversary. The “Lisandro Alvarado” Central-Western University attained university status in 1968. Pop. (2001) 811,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barquisimeto — Drapeau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barquisimeto — • Diocese in Venezuela, South America Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Barquisimeto     Barquisimeto     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Barquisimeto — Barquisimeto, la llamada capital musical de Venezuela, es capital del estado Lara, quinto nucleo urbano del país y un importante centro industrial, comercial y de transporte. Se situa en el altiplano homónimo, sobre las riberas del río Turbio.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Barquisimeto —   [ ki ], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Lara, Venezuela, 522 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am nordöstlichen Ende der Anden, verkehrsgünstig an der Carretera Panamericana (Panamerican Highway), 875 800 Einwohner; Erzbischofssitz; Universität;   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Barquisimēto — (spr. Barkisimeto), 1) Provinz in Venezuela, 425 QM., 113,000 Ew.; Hauptbeschäftigung: Ackerbau, auch Handel u. Viehzucht; 2) Stadt darin am Turbro u. Claro, mit Gymnasium; Handel; 12,000 Ew. B. wurde 1552 als Neu Segovia gegründet u. 1612 vom… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barquisimeto — (spr. barkisimēto), Hauptstadt des Staates Lara der südamerikan. Republik Venezuela, am gleichnamigen Fluß, 605 m ü. M., unter 9°56 nördl. Br., Knotenpunkt mehrerer Handelsstraßen, (1894) 31,476 Einw. – Die Stadt wurde 1522 durch Juan de Villegas …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barquisimeto — Barquisimēto, (spr. barki ), Stadt in Venezuela, 31.500 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barquisimeto — Barquisimeto, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen Provinz in der südamerik. Republik Venezuela, in schöner, fruchtbarer Gegend, 15000 E., lebhafter Handelsverkehr, 1812 verheerendes Erdbeben. – Die Provinz enthält 782 QM. mit 115000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Barquisimeto — [bär kē΄sē mā′tō̂] city in NW Venezuela: pop. 603,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Barquisimeto — Coordenadas: 10°03′50″N 69°20′05″O / 10.06389, 69.33472 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Barquisimeto — Infobox Settlement official name = Nueva Segovia de Barquisimeto nickname = Capital musical de Venezuela (English: Musical capital of Venezuela) Ciudad Crepuscular motto = image caption = image map caption = Iribarren Municipality in Lara State… …   Wikipedia


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