- Barbizon School
/bahr"beuh zon'/a group of French painters of the mid-19th century whose landscapes and genre paintings depicted peasant life and the quality of natural light on objects.[named after Barbizon, village near Paris, where the painters gathered]
* * *Group of 19th-century French landscape painters.They were part of a larger European movement toward naturalism that made a significant contribution to realism in French landscape painting. Led by Theodore Rousseau and Jean-François Millet, they attracted a large following of painters who came to live at Barbizon, a village near Paris; most notable of this group were Charles-François Daubigny, Narcisse-Virgile Díaz de la Peña, Jules Dupré, Charles-Émile Jacque, and Constant Troyon. Each had his own style, but all emphasized painting out-of-doors directly from nature, using a limited palette, and creating atmosphere or mood in their landscapes.
* * *▪ French paintingmid-19th-century French school of painting, part of a larger European movement toward naturalism in art, that made a significant contribution to the establishment of Realism in French landscape painting. Inspired by the Romantic movement's search for solace in nature, the Barbizon painters nevertheless turned away from the melodramatic picturesqueness of established Romantic landscape painters as well as from the classical academic tradition, which used landscape merely as a backdrop for allegory and historical narrative. The Barbizon artists painted landscape in realistic terms and for its own sake. They based their art on the works of 17th-century French and Dutch and contemporary English landscape painters, all of whom approached their subject with sensitive observation and a deep love of nature.The name of the school was taken from the village of Barbizon, on the edge of the great forest of Fontainebleau near Paris, where the school's leaders, Théodore Rousseau (Rousseau, Théodore) and Jean-François Millet (Millet, Jean-François), driven from Paris by poverty and lack of success, settled in 1846 and 1849, respectively. They attracted a large following of landscape and animal painters, some going to live at Barbizon, others visiting only infrequently; those of the group who were to become most notable were Charles-François Daubigny (Daubigny, Charles-François), Narcisse-Virgile Diaz de La Peña (Diaz de La Peña, Narcisse-Virgile), Jules Dupré (Dupré, Jules), Charles Jacque, and Constant Troyon, all of whom had had indifferent success in Paris.Each Barbizon painter had his own style and specific interests. Rousseau's vision was melancholy, concentrating on vast sweeps of landscape and looming trees. Dupré's close-range, detailed scenes are suffused with foreboding. Daubigny favoured scenes of lush, verdant fields, and Diaz painted sun-dappled forest interiors. Troyon and Jacque painted placid scenes that featured livestock. Millet, the only major painter of the group for whom pure landscape was unimportant, made monumental paintings of peasants that celebrate the nobility of human life in sympathy with nature. All of these artists, in spite of their Romantic inspiration, emphasized the simple and ordinary rather than the terrifying and monumental aspects of nature. Unlike their English contemporaries, they had little interest in the surface effects of light and colour or in atmospheric variations. Instead, they emphasized permanent features, painting solid, detailed forms in a limited range of colours. They were also concerned with mood, and they altered physical appearances to express what they saw as the objective “character” of the landscape.Having suffered for some time from a total lack of recognition, the Barbizon painters began to gain popularity by mid-century. Most won official recognition from the Académie des Beaux-Arts and started receiving large prices for their paintings; their work was particularly popular at the end of the century. Some of the Barbizon painters were masters of composition and description; others were less competent. But their historical importance is undeniable, for as a group they were instrumental in establishing pure, objective landscape painting as a legitimate genre in France.Additional ReadingSteven Adams, The Barbizon School & the Origins of Impressionism (1994, reissued 1997).
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Barbizon school — Bar bi zon school, or Barbison school Bar bi son school, . (Painting) A French school of the middle of the 19th century centering in the village of Barbizon near the forest of Fontainebleau. Its members went straight to nature in disregard of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Barbizon School — [bär′bə zän΄; ] Fr [ bȧr bē zōn′] n. a group of French romantic landscape painters (including Millet, Corot, Théodore Rousseau, and Daubigny) who settled in Barbizon, a village in N France, in the mid 19th cent … English World dictionary
Barbizon school — The Barbizon school (circa 1830 ndash;1870) of painters is named after the village of Barbizon near Fontainebleau Forest, France, where the artists gathered.The Barbizon painters were part of a movement towards realism in art which arose in the… … Wikipedia
Barbizon School — Situated near the Fontainebleau forest, outside of Paris, Barbizon was a favorite gathering place of landscape painters during the mid 19th century. The style of these painters of the Barbizon School was derived especially from that of camille … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Barbizon School — 19th century group of French landscape painters who worked chiefly in the village of Barbizon (northern France) … English contemporary dictionary
Barbizon School — /ˈbabəzɒn skul/ (say bahbuhzon skoohl) noun a group of French landscape painters of the late 19th century, including Théodore Rousseau and Charles Daubigny, who worked chiefly at Barbizon, a village in northern France … Australian English dictionary
Barbizon School — /bahr beuh zon / a group of French painters of the mid 19th century whose landscapes and genre paintings depicted peasant life and the quality of natural light on objects. [named after Barbizon, village near Paris, where the painters gathered] … Useful english dictionary
Barbizon School — Group of French landscape painters, among them Millet, Daubigny, and Rousseau … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
American Barbizon school — The American Barbizon School was a group of painters and style partly influenced by the French Barbizon school. American Barbizon artists concentrated on painting rural landscapes often including peasants or farm animals.William Morris Hunt was… … Wikipedia
Barbizon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Barbizon País … Wikipedia Español