Bamberg


Bamberg
/bam"berrg/; Ger. /bahm"berddk/, n.
a city in N Bavaria in S Germany. 73,800.

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  city, Bavaria Land (state), south-central Germany. It lies along the canalized Regnitz River, 2 miles (3 km) above the latter's confluence with the Main River, north of Nürnberg. First mentioned in 902 as the seat of the ancestral castle of the Babenberg family, Bamberg became the seat of a bishopric founded there in 1007 by the Holy Roman emperor Henry II; the bishops became princes of the empire in the mid-13th century. In 1459 the first book printed in the German language was published in Bamberg. The city passed to Bavaria in 1802 after the secularization of the see. An archbishopric was established in 1817. Bamberg's imperial cathedral (1004–1237) contains many notable statues, the tombs of Henry II, his wife, Cunegund, and Pope Clement II, and a wooden altar carved by Veit Stoss. There are two bishops' palaces: the Alte Residenz, or old palace (1571–76), which houses a local history museum, and the Neue Residenz (1695–1704), containing several notable art collections. Other historic buildings include the former Benedictine abbey and St. Michael's Church (consecrated 1015), the 12th-century St. Jacob's Church, St. Martin's (1685–93), the old town hall (1453; rebuilt 1744–56), the chapel of the ancient fortress, Altenburg, and several Baroque patricians' houses. In 1993 the town of Bamberg was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site for its cultural influence, particularly as the centre of the Enlightenment in southern Germany during the 18th century.

      Bamberg's industries include the manufacture of electrotechnical equipment, textiles and clothing, and food products. There is extensive market gardening and brewing. A former Jesuit university (1648–1803), later a theological academy, was united with a teachers college in 1972 to form a Gesamthochschule (a university-level institution for advanced technical training). Opposite the Civic Theatre is the E.T.A. Hoffmann (Hoffmann, E.T.A.) house, where the poet and composer lived from 1808 to 1813. Bamberg's symphony orchestra has an international reputation. Pop. (2005 est.) 70,081.

      county, south-central South Carolina, U.S. Bordered to the northeast by the South Fork Edisto River and to the southwest by the Salkehatchie River, it is also drained by the Little Salkehatchie River. The county is largely agricultural, with wetlands in the Coastal Plain. The Cathedral Bay Heritage Preserve, a Carolina bay (isolated swampy area), is located there.

      During the American Civil War the area was in the path of the Union army's sweep, led by General William Tecumseh Sherman (Sherman, William Tecumseh), from Savannah, Georgia, to Columbia, South Carolina. Rivers Bridge State Park commemorates the site where a Confederate artillery emplacement temporarily halted Union forces. Bamberg county was formed in 1897 and named for a family of early settlers. The town of Bamberg is the county seat. Denmark, the other large town, is the site of Denmark Technical College (founded 1948) and Voorhees College (1897).

      The county's farm produce is varied, including livestock, milk, watermelons, grains, and soybeans. Textiles, vehicle parts, and fabricated metal products are its chief manufactures. Area 393 square miles (1,019 square km). Pop. (2000) 16,658; (2007 est.) 15,452.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bamberg — • Includes history and statistics for the Archdiocese of Bamberg, in the kingdom of Bavaria Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bamberg     Bamberg      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bamberg — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ciudad de Bamberg1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • BAMBERG — BAMBERG, city in Bavaria, Germany. There were Jews living in Bamberg before the First Crusade (1096), when they were forcibly baptized but later allowed to return to Judaism. Establishments in the medieval Jewish Lane (today Pfahlplaetzchen)… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bamberg [2] — Bamberg, unmittelbare Stadt im bayr. Regbez. Oberfranken, sonst die Hauptstadt des Fürstbistums B., 242 m ü. M. an der hier in drei Arme sich leilenden Regnitz, die 4,5 km unterhalb in den Main geht, in fruchtbarer Gegend. Die Stadt liegt teils… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • BAMBERG — Mentionnée dès le Xe siècle, la ville de Bamberg (aujourd’hui en Bavière) ne fit cependant sa véritable apparition dans l’histoire qu’au début du XIe siècle, sur l’initiative de l’empereur ottonien Henri II, qui entreprit d’en faire une nouvelle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bamberg [1] — Bamberg (sonst Bisthum, jetzt Erzbisthum). Das Bisthum B. ward 1007 durch Kaiser Heinrich II. gestiftet u. mit dem Bezirk um B., der früher Eigenthum seiner Gemahlin Kunigunde gewesen war u. zu den Sprengeln der Bischöfe von Eichstädt u. Würzburg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bamberg [2] — Bamberg, 1) 2 Landgerichte im bairischen Kreise Oberfranken, Sitz in B.; a) B. rechts der Regnitz, 3,1 QM. mit 11,800 Ew., 43 Dörfer; b) B. links der Regnitz, 4,2 QM., 11,500 Ew., 48 Dörfer. 2) Stadt hier an der Regnitz, sonst mit Mauer u. Graben …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bamberg — Bamberg, SC U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 3733 Housing Units (2000): 1537 Land area (2000): 3.528155 sq. miles (9.137879 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.016572 sq. miles (0.042921 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.544727 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bamberg, SC — U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 3733 Housing Units (2000): 1537 Land area (2000): 3.528155 sq. miles (9.137879 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.016572 sq. miles (0.042921 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.544727 sq. miles (9.180800 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bamberg — Bamberg, Stadt im bayer. Oberfranken, an der Regnitz und dem Ludwigskanale, der bayer. sächs. Eisenbahn, in schöner, fruchtbarer, wohl angebauter Gegend, berühmt durch Gärtnerei, 18511 E., darunter 1091 Prot., 452 Juden; B. ist Sitz eines… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bamberg [3] — Bamberg (Grafen von B.), s. Babenberg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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