Ballarat


Ballarat
/bal"euh rat', bal'euh rat"/, n.
a city in S Victoria, in SE Australia. 62,641.

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also spelled  Ballaarat,  

      city, central Victoria, Australia, on the Yarrowee River. The area was first settled in 1838 by sheepherders and developed rapidly after the discovery of rich alluvial gold deposits in 1851. In 1854, two years after its founding, Ballarat (its name was derived from two Aboriginal words meaning “resting place”) was the scene of an armed rebellion known as Eureka Stockade, in which about 25 miners, demanding political reform and the abolition of licenses, were shot down by the military; the incident is commemorated by a memorial and the Eureka Stockade Centre. Ballarat became a municipality in 1855, a borough in 1863, and a city in 1870.

      A rail and road centre, Ballarat is one of the most populous inland cities of Australia and includes the borough of Sebastopol and portions of the shires of Ballarat, Bungaree, Buninyong, and Grenville. It serves an agricultural and pastoral district. Although the alluvial gold was soon exhausted, underground mining continued until 1918. Manufacturing concerns produce woolens, agricultural and industrial machinery, bricks, chemicals, and furniture. Many public buildings date from the 1860s and '70s, and there are Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, a botanical garden hosting an annual begonia festival, and an avenue flanked by the busts of all past Australian prime ministers. At Sovereign Hill is a re-creation of a gold-mining town. The Ballarat Fine Art Gallery is the largest and oldest regional gallery in Australia. A Memorial Arch is at the entrance to the Avenue of Honour, commemorating the city's military personnel. Some one-fifth of the city's area (including Lake Wendouree) is in recreational use. Cultural resources include the University of Ballarat (founded 1976), which originated as the School of Mines (founded 1870), one of the first institutions of higher learning in Australia. Ballarat also sustains the Aquinas campus of Australian Catholic University. Pop. (2001) urban centre, 72,999.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ballarat — • One of the three suffragan dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Melbourne, Australia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ballarat     Ballarat      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ballarat — Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BALLARAT — BALLARAT, country town in Central Victoria, Australia. After the gold rush in 1851 a number of Jews went to Ballarat and in 1853 there was a minyan on the gold fields on the High Holidays and in 1859 there were 347 male Jews in the town. A Jew,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ballarat —   [ bæləræt], Stadt im Bundesstaat Victoria, Australien, 120 km westlich von Melbourne, 82 300 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Universität; Freilichtmuseum (Goldgräberstadt Sovereign Hill);   Wirtschaft:   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ballarat — (Ballaarat), Stadt in der Grafschaft Grenville der englischen Colonie Victoria in Südaustralien, in dem gleichnamigen Thale am Fuße des Pyrenäengebirges, ist durch eine Eisenbahn über Geelong mit Melbourne verbunden. In der Gegend befindet sich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ballarat — Ballarat, Stadt in Australien, s. Ballaarat …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ballarat — Ballărat, Stadt in der austral. Kolonie Victoria, (1903) 51.320 E., in zwei Gemeinden B. East und B. West oder B. zerfallend; Bergakademie, Goldbergbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ballarat — [bal′ə rat΄] city in SC Victoria, Australia: pop. 65,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Ballarat — 37°33′46″S 143°51′04″E / 37.56278, 143.85111 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ballarat — /ˈbæləræt/ (say baluhrat) noun a city in southern Victoria, west of Melbourne; site of extensive goldfields after 1851 discovery of gold; site of the Eureka Stockade in 1854. Formerly (still sometimes used officially), Ballaarat. {? Australian… …   Australian English dictionary


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