Bakelite


Bakelite
/bay"keuh luyt', bayk"luyt/, Trademark.
a brand name for any of a series of thermosetting plastics prepared by heating phenol or cresol with formaldehyde and ammonia under pressure: used for radio cabinets, telephone receivers, electric insulators, and molded plastic ware.

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trademark of  phenol–formaldehyde resin 

      synthetic resin formed from the chemical combination of phenols and formaldehydes. Bakelite is a hard, infusible, and chemically resistant plastic whose properties as a nonconductor of electricity have made it exceptionally useful in all sorts of electrical appliances. It is used in many industrial applications as an electrical insulator, in molding and casting operations, as an adhesive, and in paints and baked-enamel coatings. Phenol–formaldehyde resins are indispensable in manufacturing chemical equipment, machine and instrument housings, bottle closures, and many machine and electrical components.

      The production method for manufacturing this plastic was devised in 1909 by L.H. Baekeland (Baekeland, Leo Hendrik) in the United States, and the name Bakelite is a registered trademark of the Union Carbide Corporation. It displaced celluloid for nearly all the latter's applications early in the 20th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bakelite — Bakélite Structure de la Bakelite Bakélite est la marque d un matériau constitué à partir d une résine de formaldéhyde de phénol thermodurcissable, dont la nomenclature chimique officielle est anhydrure de polyoxybenzylméthylèneglycol, développé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bakelite — (pronEng|ˈbеɪkɨlaɪt) is a material based on the thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, developed in 1907–1909 by Belgian Dr. Leo Baekeland. Formed by the reaction under heat and pressure of phenol (a toxic,… …   Wikipedia

  • bakélite — [ bakelit ] n. f. • 1907; marque déposée, de Baekeland, nom de l inventeur ♦ Résine synthétique, matière plastique qui imite l ambre, obtenue en traitant le formol par le phénol. Manche de casserole en bakélite. ● Bakélite nom féminin (nom déposé …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bakelite — n. a thermosetting plastic used in electric insulators and for making plastic ware and telephone receivers etc. [trademark] [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bakelite — Bakelite, Name für Phenol Formaldehyd Harze, nach dem Erfinder Bakeland benannt, der als erster diese Produkte in drei verschiedenen Formen herstellte, bezw. es ermöglichte, aus einem und demselben Grundmaterial drei sich hinsichtlich der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Bakelite — Bakelite. См. Бакелит. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • bakelite — type of plastic widely used early 20c., 1909, from Ger. Bakelit, named for Belgian born U.S. physicist Leo Baekeland (1863 1944), who invented it. Originally a proprietary name, it is formed by the condensation of a phenol with an aldehyde …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bakelite — ☆ Bakelite [bā′kə līt΄, bāk′līt΄ ] [after L. H. Baekeland (1863 1944), U.S. chemist, born in Belgium] trademark for any of various synthetic resins and plastics, esp. ones made from formaldehyde and phenol n. [b ] such a resin …   English World dictionary

  • Bakelite® — /bāˈkə līt/ noun A synthetic resin with high chemical and electrical resistance, made by condensation of cresol or phenol with formaldehyde ORIGIN: LH Baekeland (1863–1944), its American inventor …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bakélite — Structure de la Bakelite Bakélite est la marque d un matériau de la classe des phénoplastes dont la nomenclature chimique officielle est anhydrure de polyoxybenzylméthylèneglycol. Ce fut le premier plastique fait de polymères synthétiques.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bakelite — Bakelit ist ein duroplastischer Kunststoff auf der Basis von Phenolharz und wurde 1907 von dem belgischen Chemiker Leo Hendrik Baekeland entdeckt und nach ihm benannt. Der hitzestabile Phenoplast Werkstoff Bakelit war der erste industriell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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