azulejo


azulejo
Sp. /ah'sooh le"haw, ah'thooh-/; Port. /ah'zooh le"zhoo/, n., pl. azulejos Sp. /-haws/; Port. /-zhoosh/.
(in Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries) a glazed and painted tile used as a wainscot or facing.
[1835-45; < Sp: blue tile, deriv. of azul blue]

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Spanish and Portuguese glazed, polychromed tile produced from the 14th century.

Introduced into Spain by the Arabs during the Moorish occupation, azulejos were used in Islamic architecture for facing walls and paving floors. Early designs were geometric and 5–6 in. (13–15 cm) square. In the 15th–16th centuries Portugal imported the tiles from Spain for use in religious and private buildings. The Portuguese exported them in the 17th century to the Azores, Madeira, and Brazil, and the Spaniards introduced them to their American colonies. In the 18th century, interiors and exteriors in Puebla, Mex., were covered with azulejos in brilliant colours on a scale unequaled elsewhere.

Azulejos from Seville, late 16th century; in the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam

By courtesy of Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam

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▪ art tile
 (from Arabic az-zulayj, “little stone”), Spanish and later principally Portuguese tiles produced from the 14th century onward. At first the term was used to denote only North African mosaics, but it became the accepted word for an entirely decorated tile about 5 to 6 inches (13 to 15 centimetres) square. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal imported azulejo tiles from Spain, and their use was widespread in religious and private architecture, particularly on facades, such as that of Coimbra cathedral (1510). About 1550 Flemish artists in Lisbon attempted the production of tiles, and the industry developed during the reigns of Philip II, III, and IV to become independent of Spain, which virtually ceased to manufacture them in the 18th century. Portuguese exports of tiles to the Azores, Madeira, and Brazil began in the 17th century; azulejos produced in Puebla, Mex., later were to be the most outstanding in the New World.

      Initially, one-colour versions of the tiles were used in Portugal in decorative chessboard patterns. Variations included polychrome designs; scenes with military or religious themes; and humorous singeries, which depicted monkeys in human roles. During the height of the azulejo's popularity, from about 1690 to 1750, many exterior and interior walls were faced by complex continuous picture tiles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • azulejo — [ asulexo ] n. m. • 1669; ezzuleia 1556; mot esp., de azul « bleu », ou d o. ar. ♦ Carreau de faïence émaillée, orné de dessins (ordinairement de couleur bleue), employé pour le revêtement des murailles ou des sols. Des azulejos. ● azulejo nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Azulejo — in Funchal (Madeira) Unter Azulejo (spanische Aussprache: [aθu lexo]), portugiesische Aussprache: [azulæɨʒʊ]) versteht man ein Mosaik aus zumeist quad …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • azulejo — sustantivo masculino 1. Pieza plana de cerámica vidriada para revestir paredes o suelos: los azulejos de la cocina, los azulejos del cuarto de baño, los azulejos del patio, un azulejo levantado, un azulejo suelto, un azulejo roto, alicatar de… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • azulejo — |â ou ê ou âi| s. m. Ladrilho vidrado por um lado, com desenhos e cores variadas, que se usa para cobrir superfícies.   ‣ Etimologia: espanhol azulejo, do árabe hispânico al zuléig …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Azulejo — Para otros usos de este término, véase Azulejo (desambiguación). Fotografía de un panel de azulejos en la entrada de la ciudad de Toledo, España. El término azulejo, del árabe الزليج az zulaiŷ (piedra pulida), se refiere a una pieza de cerámica… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Azulejo — The azulejo (Portuguese:pronounced|ɐzul eʒu, Spanish:pronounced|aθuˈlexo) refers to a typical form of Portuguese or Spanish painted, tin glazed, ceramic tilework. They have become a typical aspect of Portuguese culture, manifesting without… …   Wikipedia

  • azulejo — I (Derivado de azul.) ► adjetivo 1 AGRICULTURA Se refiere al trigo que tiene granos alargados y color oscuro. 2 América De color azul. 3 Argentina, Uruguay Se aplica al caballo con el pelo blanco y negro que presenta reflejos azulados. ►… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Azulejo — Le terme d azulejos ou azuléjos[1] (de l arabe al zulaydj زليج, pierre polie, et non du portugais azul, bleu, étymologie qui semble évidente puisque la couleur bleue est la plus fréquemment utilisée) désigne un ensemble de carreaux de faïence (un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • azulejo — {{#}}{{LM A04350}}{{〓}} {{SynA04452}} {{[}}azulejo{{]}}, {{[}}azuleja{{]}} ‹a·zu·le·jo, ja› {{《}}▍ adj.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} {{♂}}En zonas del español meridional,{{♀}} azulado. {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{<}}2{{>}} Pieza de arcilla cocida, de poco grosor y… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • azulejo — 1 s m Tablilla delgada de cerámica vidriada o esmaltada, de diversos colores y dibujos, generalmente cuadrada o rectangular, que se utiliza para cubrir paredes o pisos: Las cocinas de tiro y brasero, cocinas de molcajete y azulejo, de las casas… …   Español en México


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