ayatollah


ayatollah
/ah'yeuh toh"leuh/, n.
(among Shi'ites) a title in the religious hierarchy achieved by scholars who have demonstrated highly advanced knowledge of Islamic law and religion.
[1975-80; < Pers < Ar ayat allah sign of God; cf. ALLAH]

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In the Shiite branch of Islam, a high-ranking religious authority regarded by his followers as the most learned person of his age.

The ayatollah's authority rests on the infallible imam. His legal decisions are accepted as binding by his personal followers and (in the present day) by the wider community.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayatollah! — «Ayatollah!» Canción de Siniestro Total Álbum ¿Cuándo se come aquí? Publicación Junio de 1982 Grabación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ayatollah — (Persian: آيت‌الله, âyato llâh , from Arabic: آية الله, āyatu llāh , meaning the sign of God , from the words ayah and Allah ) is a high ranking title given to Usuli Twelver Shi a clerics. Those who carry the title are experts in Islamic studies… …   Wikipedia

  • ayatollah — [ ajatɔla ] n. m. • répandu 1977; mot ar. « verset de Dieu (Allah) » ♦ Religieux musulman chiite d une haute dignité; titre donné à certains sages hors de toute hiérarchie. L ayatollah Khomeiny est devenu imam. ♢ Fig. (1980) Représentant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ayatollah — ayatolláh s. m., pl. ayatolláhi Trimis de gall, 12.12.2007. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • ayatollah — honorific title for an Iranian Shiite religious leader, 1950, from Persian, from Arabic ayatu llah, lit. miraculous sign of God …   Etymology dictionary

  • ayatollah — ► NOUN ▪ a Shiite religious leader in Iran. ORIGIN from Arabic, token of God …   English terms dictionary

  • ayatollah — [ī΄yə tō′lə, ī΄yətō lä′; ä΄yätō lə, ä΄yätō lä′] n. [Ar, lit., sign of God < āyat, sign + Allah, ALLAH] 1. a leader of the Shiite sect of the Muslim religion, serving as teacher, judge, and administrator 2. a leader, authority, etc. having much …   English World dictionary

  • Ayatollah — Ajatollah bzw. Ayatollah (persisch ‏آيت الله‎, arabisch ‏آية الله‎ Āyat Allāh, „Zeichen Gottes“) ist ein hoher religiöser Titel des zwölfer schiitischen (imamitischen) Islams. Er wurde erstmals für al Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn Ali ibn al Muchtar al… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayatollah — Cet article concerne le titre religieux. Pour l’acteur ivoirien Ayatollah, voir Djessan Ayateau. Un ayatollah (en arabe : آية الله ou en persan : آیت‌الله, signifiant « signe de Dieu ») est l un des titres les plus élevés… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ayatollah — (Voz árabe.) ► sustantivo masculino RELIGIÓN Título de una alta autoridad religiosa entre los chiitas islámicos. * * * Ayatollah (palabra persa derivada del árabe آية الله, āyatu l lāh, señal de Dios) es el título más alto dentro del clero chií.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ayatollah — UK [ˌaɪəˈtɒlə] / US [ˌaɪəˈtɑlə] noun [countable] Word forms ayatollah : singular ayatollah plural ayatollahs an important religious leader in Iran who often has political as well as religious influence …   English dictionary


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