autumn


autumn
/aw"teuhm/, n.
1. the season between summer and winter; fall. In the Northern Hemisphere it is from the September equinox to the December solstice; in the Southern Hemisphere it is from the March equinox to the June solstice.
2. a time of full maturity, esp. the late stages of full maturity or, sometimes, the early stages of decline: to be in the autumn of one's life.
[1325-75; < L autumnus; r. ME autumpne < MF autompne < L]

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season
      season of the year between summer and winter during which temperatures gradually decrease. It is often called fall in the United States because leaves fall from the trees at that time. Autumn is usually defined in the Northern Hemisphere as the period between the autumnal equinox (day and night equal in length), September 22 or 23, and the winter solstice (year's shortest day), December 21 or 22; and in the Southern Hemisphere as the period between March 20 or 21 and June 21 or 22. The autumn temperature transition between summer heat and winter cold occurs only in middle and high latitudes; in equatorial regions, temperatures generally vary little during the year. In the polar regions autumn is very short. For physical causes of the seasons, see season.

      The concept of autumn in European languages is connected with the harvesting of crops; in many cultures autumn, like the other seasons, has been marked by rites and festivals revolving around the season's importance in food production. Animals gather food in autumn in preparation for the coming winter, and those with fur often grow thicker coats. Many birds migrate toward the Equator to escape the falling temperatures. A common autumn phenomenon in the central and eastern United States and in Europe is Indian summer, a period of unseasonably warm weather that sometimes occurs in late October or November.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • autumn — (n.) late 14c., autumpne (modern form from 16c.), from O.Fr. autumpne, automne (13c.), from L. autumnus (also auctumnus, perhaps influenced by auctus increase ), of unknown origin. Perhaps from Etruscan, but Tucker suggests a meaning drying up… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • autumn — ► NOUN chiefly Brit. ▪ the season after summer and before winter. DERIVATIVES autumnal adjective. ORIGIN Latin autumnus …   English terms dictionary

  • autumn — [ôt′əm] n. [ME autumpne < OFr autompne < L autumnus, auctumnus; prob. of Etr orig.] 1. the season that comes between summer and winter; fall: in the astronomical year, that period between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice 2. any… …   English World dictionary

  • Autumn — Fall redirects here. For other uses, see Fall (disambiguation). This article is about the temperate season. For other uses, see Autumn (disambiguation). An autumn vineyard in Napa Valley, California …   Wikipedia

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