Aung San Suu Kyi


Aung San Suu Kyi
/owng" sahn" sooh" kee"/, n.
born 1945, Burmese opposition leader: Nobel peace prize 1991.

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born June 19, 1945, Rangoon, Burma

Opposition leader in Burma (Myanmar).

Daughter of nationalist leader Aung San, she studied in Burma and India and at the University of Oxford. She lived quietly in Britain until, returning to Myanmar in 1988, she was moved by the brutality of U Ne Win's military regime to begin a nonviolent struggle for democracy and human rights. The 1990 electoral victory of her National League for Democracy was ignored by Ne Win's government, and she was held under house arrest from 1989 to 1995. She subsequently continued her opposition activities and was subject to varying degrees of government harrassment, including another period of house arrest in 2000–02. She was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize for Peace.

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▪ Myanmar leader
born June 19, 1945, Rangoon, Burma [now Yangon, Myanmar]

      Myanmar opposition leader, daughter of Aung San (a martyred national hero of independent Burma) and Khin Kyi (a prominent Burmese diplomat), and winner in 1991 of the Nobel Prize for Peace.

      Aung San Suu Kyi was two years old when her father, then the de facto prime minister of what would shortly become independent Burma, was assassinated. She attended schools in Burma until 1960, when her mother was appointed ambassador to India. After further study in India, she attended the University of Oxford, where she met her future husband. She had two children and lived a rather quiet life until 1988, when she returned to Burma to nurse her dying mother. There the mass slaughter of protesters against the brutal and unresponsive rule of the military strongman U Ne Win (Ne Win, U) led her to speak out against him and to begin a nonviolent struggle for democracy and human rights. In July 1989 the military government of the newly named Union of Myanmar placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest and held her incommunicado. The military offered to free her if she agreed to leave Myanmar, but she refused to do so until the country was returned to civilian government and political prisoners were freed. The newly formed group with which she became affiliated, the National League for Democracy (NLD), won more than 80 percent of the parliamentary seats that were contested in 1990, but the results of that election were ignored by the military government.

      Aung San Suu Kyi was freed from house arrest in July 1995. The following year she attended the NLD party congress, but the military government continued to harass both her and her party. In 1998 she announced the formation of a representative committee that she declared was the country's legitimate ruling parliament. The military junta once again placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest from September 2000 to May 2002. Following clashes between the NLD and pro-government demonstrators in 2003, the government returned her to house arrest.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်[1] Suu Kyi in 2011 General Secretary of the National League for Democracy …   Wikipedia

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — est un nom birman ; les principes des noms et prénoms ne s appliquent pas ; U et Daw sont des titres de respect. Aung San Suu Kyi Nom de naissance Aung San Suu Kyi Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — Suu Kyi mit Anhängern 2011 Aung San Suu Kyi (birmanisch ; [àuɴ sʰáɴ sṵ tɕì]; * 19 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — Aung San Suu Kyi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aung San Suu Kyi —   [ dʒi], birmanische Politikerin, * Rangun 19. 6. 1945, Tochter von Aung San; lebte 1960 88 im Ausland (zunächst in Indien, wo ihre Mutter Botschafterin war, später in den USA, in Bhutan und Großbritannien); wurde nach ihrer Rückkehr zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — es la figura emblemática de la oposición birmana contra la dictadura militar que ocupa el poder a partir de 1962. Nacida en Rangún, el 19 de junio de 1945, es hija de Aung San, héroe nacional que firmó en 1947 el tratado de independencia con el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — (née en 1945) femme politique birmane. Fondatrice de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (1988), elle fut détenue en résidence surveillée à Rangoon de 1989 à 1995. Prix Nobel de la paix 1991 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — /ˌaʊŋ san su ˈtʃi/ (say .owng sahn sooh chee) noun Daw, born 1945, Burmese opposition leader; under house arrest 1989–95, 2000–02, 2003–10; awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1991 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — biographical name 1945 Burmese human rights activist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aung San Suu Kyi — [[t]ˈaʊŋ ˈsɑn ˈsu ˈki[/t]] n. big born 1945, Burmese opposition leader: Nobel peace prize 1990 …   From formal English to slang


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