Asura


Asura
/us"oo reuh/, n.
1. (in Indian mythology) a god or demon.
2. Zoroastrianism. Ahura.
[ < Skt: mighty Lord; later (by reanalysis as a- + -sura) taken to mean "demon," as opposed to sura (by back formation) "god"]

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▪ Hindu mythology
Sanskrit“divine” Iranian  ahura 

      in Hindu (Hinduism) mythology, class of beings defined by their opposition to the devas or suras (gods). The term asura appears first in the Vedas, a collection of poems and hymns composed 1500–1200 BCE, and refers to a human or divine leader. Its plural form gradually predominated and came to designate a class of beings opposed to the Vedic gods. Later the asuras came to be understood as demons. This pattern was reversed in Iran, where ahura came to mean the supreme god and the daevas became demons. In Hindu mythology, the asuras and the devas together sought to obtain amrita (elixir of immortality) by churning the milky ocean (churning of the milky ocean). Although they had agreed to share the amrita, strife broke out over its possession, which led to a never-ending conflict.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ASURA — Les dieux du panthéon védique sont divisés en deux classes: les dévas et les asuras (prononcer: assoura). Le premier terme dérive de la racine div , qui désigne la lumière du ciel diurne; le second signifie «souffles de vie». Il s’agit donc de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Asura — A*su ra, n. (Hind. Myth.) An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Asura — (»Herr«, verwandt mit lat. [h]erus?), im »Rigveda« Beiname von Göttern, besonders des Varuna (s. d.), die dadurch als Besitzer wunderbarer Herrschermacht gekennzeichnet werden, entspricht dem avestischen Ahura (Mazdâ). Schon an einigen Stellen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • ASURA — oppid. prope Philiscum ad Euphratem. Plin. l. 5. c. 16 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Asura — In HinduismIn Hinduism, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) are a group of power seeking deities, sometimes referred to as demons or sinful. They were opposed to the devas. Both groups are children of Kashyapa. The views of Asuras in Hinduism vary due to… …   Wikipedia

  • Asura — Statue de l asura Mahîshâsura à Mysore. Les asura démon sont des esprits démoniaques opposés aux deva (parfois appelés sura). Le vocable védique désignait une créature divine et servit à qualifier des dieux comme Indra, Agni et Varuna. Puis, à la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Asura — Der Ausdruck Asura kann bedeuten Asura (Hinduismus), dämonische himmlische Wesen Asura (Buddhismus), eifersüchtige himmlische Wesen Aschura, ʿāšūrāʾ oder Ashura, schiitischer Trauertag Diese Seite ist eine Begr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • aşura — is. <ər.> din. Məhərrəm ayının 10 cu günü (İmam Hüseynin qətl olunduğu gün). Aşura günü tək bir səhər çağı; Yığdı ərradəyə övrət uşağı. Q. Z.. Təbriz xalqı aşuradan qırx gün keçənə qədər təziyə saxlardı. M. S. O.. Aşura günü <adamlar> …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • Asura — noun a) Deities among the Hindu dharma. Considered to be a group of power seeking deities, sometimes referred to as devas. b) The lowest class of deities and demigods of the Kāmadhātu …   Wiktionary

  • asura —    See demonic beings …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism


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