assemblage


assemblage
/euh sem"blij/; for 3, 4 also Fr. /ann sahonn blannzh"/, n.
1. a group of persons or things gathered or collected; an assembly; collection; aggregate.
2. the act of assembling; state of being assembled.
3. Fine Arts.
a. a sculptural technique of organizing or composing into a unified whole a group of unrelated and often fragmentary or discarded objects.
b. a work of art produced by this technique. Cf. collage, found object, ready-made (def. 4).
4. Archaeol. the aggregate of artifacts and other remains found on a site, considered as material evidence in support of a theory concerning the culture or cultures inhabiting it.
[1695-1705; < F; see ASSEMBLE, -AGE]

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Three-dimensional construction made from household materials such as rope and newspapers or from any found materials.

The term, coined by Jean Dubuffet in the 1950s, has been applied to collage, photomontage, and sculptural assemblage. The Dadaists and Surrealists produced ready-made assemblages and elevated them to art by simply exhibiting them. Later artists who have worked with the technique include Louise Nevelson and Robert Rauschenberg.

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art
      in art, work produced by the incorporation of everyday objects into the composition. Although each non-art object, such as a piece of rope or newspaper, acquires aesthetic or symbolic meanings within the context of the whole work, it may retain something of its original identity. The term assemblage, as coined by the artist Jean Dubuffet (Dubuffet, Jean) in the 1950s, may refer to both planar and three-dimensional constructions.

      Although artworks composed from a variety of materials are common to many cultures, assemblage refers to a particular form that developed out of intellectual and artistic movements at the beginning of the 20th century. The practice began about 1911–12 with the Cubist collages of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque and sculptural assemblages by Futurists such as Umberto Boccioni and Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. One of the earliest examples is Picasso's “Still Life with Chair Caning” (1911–12), in which a piece of oilcloth with an imitation chair caning design was pasted onto the painting, and a rope was used to frame the picture. Subsequent art movements such as Dada and Surrealism explored the possibilities of assemblage. Marcel Duchamp (Duchamp, Marcel), for instance, created “ready-mades” and “found objects” from industrial and natural objects; he elevated them into the realm of art simply by adding an inscription or by including them in an exhibition. Artists of the mid-20th century working in assemblage included Louise Nevelson and Robert Rauschenburg.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • assemblage — [ asɑ̃blaʒ ] n. m. • 1493; de assembler 1 ♦ Action de mettre ensemble, d assembler. Spécialt Action de fixer ensemble (des éléments) pour former un tout, un objet. Assemblage des feuillets d un livre, des pièces d une manche. Mécan. Assemblage… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • assemblage — disposition relative des pièces ou des bords des pièces à souder ou qui ont été soudé(e)s Источник: ГОСТ Р ИСО 17659 2009: Сварка. Термины многоязычные для сварных соединений оригинал документа …   Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации

  • Assemblage 23 — Основная информация …   Википедия

  • Assemblage — ist ursprünglich in der Bildenden Kunst zu einem Begriff mit besonderer Bedeutung geworden, der eine Art von Kunstwerken bezeichnet: Collagen mit plastischen Objekten, die auf einer Grundplatte befestigt sind. So entstehen Kunstwerke mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Assemblage — As*sem blage, n. [Cf. F. assemblage. See {Assemble}.] 1. The act of assembling, or the state of being assembled; association. [1913 Webster] In sweet assemblage every blooming grace. Fenton. [1913 Webster] 2. A collection of individuals, or of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assemblage — 1 assembly, collection, congregation, gathering (see under GATHER) Analogous words: *aggregate, aggregation: *crowd, throng, horde, crush, press 2 Assemblage, assembly are not always interchangeable in concrete use. Assemblage may be used freely… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Assemblage — is a term with uses in several fields:* Assemblage (art) * * Assemblage (archaeology) * Assemblage (philosophy), a philosophical concept developed by Deleuze and Guattari * Fossil assemblage * Assemblage 23, a futurepop/EBM group * Assemblage… …   Wikipedia

  • Assemblage — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Assemblage es un proceso artístico en el cual se consigue la tridimensionalidad colocando diferentes objetos no artísticos muy próximos unos a otros. Hay que recalcar que estos objetos de los que se componen estas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • assemblage — ASSEMBLAGE. sub. m. Union de plusieurs choses qu on joint ensemble. Un bateau se fait de l assemblage de plusieurs pièces de bois.Assemblage, en termes de Menuiserie, se dit De la manière d assembler le bois de Menuiserie, et des pièces… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • assemblage — Assemblage. s. m. Amas & union de plusieurs choses. Un batteau se fait de l assemblage de plusieurs aix. toutes les parties de ce bastiment ne sont pas fort regulieres, mais l assemblage ne laisse pas d en estre beau. Assemblage, en terme de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • assemblage — I noun accumulation, acervation, agglomeration, aggregation, amassment, array, assemblage, assembly, association, audience, bale, band, batch, bevy, body, bolt, bulk, bunch, bundle, caucus, claque, clump, cluster, collection, colligation,… …   Law dictionary


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