aspartame


aspartame
/euh spahr"taym, a spahr"-, as"peuhr taym'/, n.
a white, crystalline, odorless, slightly water-soluble noncarbohydrate powder, C14H18N2O5, synthesized from amino acids, that is 150-200 times as sweet as sugar: used as a low-calorie sugar substitute in soft drinks, table sweeteners, and other food products.
[1970-75; aspart(yl phenyl)a(linine) m(ethyl) e(ster), the powder's chemical name]

* * *

Synthetic organic compound (a dipeptide) of phenylalanine and aspartic acid.

It is 150–200 times as sweet as cane sugar and is used as a nonnutritive tabletop sweetener and in low-calorie prepared foods (brand names NutraSweet, Equal) but is not suitable for baking. Because of its phenylalanine content, persons with phenylketonuria must avoid it. Though it is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory authorities around the world, its safety even for those without the disease remains controversial. See also saccharin.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aspartame — Aspartame[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Aspartame — Ester méthylique de l aspartyl phénylalanine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aspartame — [ aspartam ] n. m. VAR. aspartam • v. 1980; anglais aspartame (1972), acronyme de aspartic acid phenylanine methyl ester ♦ Pharm. Peptide composé d acide aspartique et de phénylalanine, à fort pouvoir édulcorant, utilisé comme succédané du sucre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • aspartame — n. 1. an artificial sweetener containing an aspartic acid peptide, ({C14H18N2O5}); it is 160 times sweeter than sucrose (cane sugar) and is used as a calorie free sweetener. Chemically it is N L [alpha] aspartyl L phenylalanine 1 methyl ester. It …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aspartame — edulcorante artificial. Se debe evitar el consumo excesivo de aspartamo en los pacientes con fenilcetonuria (FCU), ya que esta sustancia se hidroliza para dar lugar a aspartilfenilalanina Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano …   Diccionario médico

  • aspartame — commercial name of an artificial sweetener, 1973, from aspartic acid (1836), formed irregularly from asparagine (1813), a compound found in asparagus, beet root, etc., from ASPARAGUS (Cf. asparagus) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). The reason …   Etymology dictionary

  • aspartame — s. m. Sucedâneo hipocalórico do açúcar utilizado na indústria agroalimentar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • aspartame — [as′pər tām΄] n. [ ASPART(IC ACID) + (phenyl)a(lanine) m(ethyl) e(ster)] an artificial, low calorie sweetener, C14H18N2O5, about 200 times sweeter than sucrose, used in the manufacture of soft drinks, packaged cereals, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Aspartame — A man made sweetener with almost no calories used in place of sugar. A diet program with aspartame and exercise gives better results than without this sweetener. People lose more weight and regain less weight. Aspartame is a compound of two amino …   Medical dictionary

  • aspartame — noun An artificial sweetener, the methyl ester of a dipeptide formed from aspartic acid and phenylalanine, used in many processed foods and beverages. Though reluctant to further expose him to aspartame, I had little trouble persuading Jamies… …   Wiktionary

  • aspartame — aspartamas statusas T sritis chemija atitikmenys: angl. aspartame rus. аспартам ryšiai: sinonimas – L aspartil L fenilalanino metilesteris …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.