ashram


ashram
/ahsh"reuhm/, n.
1. a secluded building, often the residence of a guru, used for religious retreat or instruction in Hinduism.
2. the persons instructed there.
Also, asrama.
[1915-20; < Skt asrama]

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In Hinduism, any of the four stages of life through which a "twice-born" (see upanayana) Hindu ideally will pass.

These stages are: the student, who is devoted and obedient to his teacher; the householder, who supports his family and the priests and fulfills duties to the gods and ancestors; the hermit, who withdraws from society to pursue ascetic and yogic practices; and the homeless mendicant, who renounces all possessions and wanders from place to place begging for food. In English the word has come to mean a place for the pursuit of spiritual or religious disciplines, often under a guru.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ashram — [ aʃram ] n. m. • 1960; sanskr. asrama ♦ Didact. En Inde, Monastère groupant des disciples autour d un gourou. Des ashrams. ● ashram nom masculin (hindi āśram, du sanskrit śram, s exercer) Ermitage destiné aux exercices spirituels et où le guru… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Āshram — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para las cuatro etapas en la vida de un brahmán hinduista, véase āshram (etapa). Sabarmati Ashram, una de las residencias de Gandhi en Ahmedabad, India Un āśram (del sánscrito ā śram …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ashram — Âshram Entrée de l ashram Sabarmati, une des résidences de Gandhi Dans l Inde ancienne, les âshram ou âshrama un mot sanskrit étaient des ermitages retirés dans la nature, dans la forêt ou la montagne, où les sages vivaient dans la paix et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ashram — ASHRÁM s. n. ermitaj, loc de retragere colectivă unde discipolii se adună în jurul propovăduitorului. (< fr. ashram) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • ashram — religious hermitage, 1917, from Skt. asramah, from a , adnomial prefix, + sramah effort, toll, fatigue …   Etymology dictionary

  • ashram — ► NOUN ▪ an Indian religious retreat or community. ORIGIN Sanskrit, hermitage …   English terms dictionary

  • ashram — [äsh′rəm] n. [Sans ās̍rama < ā, toward + s̍rama, fatigue, religious penance < IE base * klem , tired, weak > Welsh claf, sick] 1. a secluded place for a community of Hindus leading a life of simplicity and religious meditation 2. such a… …   English World dictionary

  • Ashram — An Ashram in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage where sages lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature. Today, the term ashram is sometimes used to refer to an intentional community formed primarily for spiritual upliftment of its members,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashram — Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad, Indien; hier hat sich Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aufgehalten Ashram (englische Schreibweise, dt. laut Duden der Aschram, Sanskrit, m.n., आश्रम, āśrama), bezeichnet in den indischen Sprachen ein klosterähnliches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Âshram — Entrée de l ashram Sabarmati, une des résidences de Gandhi Dans l Inde ancienne, les āshram ou āshrama un mot sanskrit étaient des ermitages retirés dans la nature, dans la forêt ou la montagne, où les sages vivaient dans la paix et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ashram —    The Sanskrit ashrama was a place for ascetics to perform austerities (practices of renouncing bodily and psychological comfort), usually at a distance from and in isolation from the larger world (shram, means to exert oneself strongly). In… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism


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