Ashland


Ashland
/ash"leuhnd/, n.
1. a city in NE Kentucky, on the Ohio River. 27,064.
2. a city in N central Ohio. 20,326.
3. a town in SW Oregon. 14,943.

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      city, Boyd county, northeastern Kentucky, U.S. It lies along the Ohio River just below the mouth of the Big Sandy River. The city of Ashland forms a tristate industrial complex with Ironton, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia.

      Settled in 1815 as Poage's Settlement, it was renamed (1854) in honour of Henry Clay (Clay, Henry)'s home in Lexington, Kentucky. Ashland's proximity to coal and timber regions and to iron-ore deposits (which are no longer mined) contributed to its growth as the state's major iron and steel centre (the continuous-sheet–mill process was developed there in 1934). The city is home to Ashland Community College (1938) and Ashland Technical College, both of which are members of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System. Greenbo Lake State Resort Park is 18 miles (29 km) west. Inc. town, 1856; city, 1876. Pop. (1990) city, 23,622; Huntington-Ashland MSA, 312,529; (2000) city, 21,981; Huntington-Ashland MSA, 315,538.

      city, Jackson county, southwestern Oregon, U.S. It lies along Bear Creek, in the southern reaches of the Rogue River valley, at the base of the Siskiyou Mountains, just southeast of Medford. Settled in 1852 (during a gold rush) and laid out in 1860, it was named for both Ashland county, Ohio, and Ashland, Kentucky, and was known as Ashland Mills for its sawmills and gristmills. It was located on the Siskiyou Toll Road (now part of the Pacific Highway) that linked Sacramento, California, with Portland, Oregon, and after 1884 it was served by the Oregon and California (now Southern Pacific) Railroad (Southern Pacific Railroad) and developed as a lumber town. Ashland adjoins Rogue River National Forest, and tourism is a major source of income. Since 1935 the city has been home to the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, which has an eight-and-one-half month season. Lithia Park, a 93-acre (38-hectare) tract of land near the city centre, is a local attraction; spring water (known as Lithia water for its high concentration of lithium salts)—once the focus of a mineral spa— is piped in to the park's bubblers. Ashland is also the home of Southern Oregon State College (1926). Inc. 1874. Pop. (1990) 16,234; (2000) 19,522.

 city, seat (1860) of Ashland county, extreme northern Wisconsin, U.S. It is a port on Chequamegon Bay of Lake Superior (Superior, Lake), about 60 miles (100 km) southeast of the city of Superior. Several different Native American tribes lived in the area, notably the Ojibwa. About 1659, French fur traders arrived, and a Jesuit mission was established there in 1665 by Claude-Jean Allouez (Allouez, Claude-Jean). Settlement did not take place until 1854, when Asaph Whittlesey arrived from Ohio and named the site for the Kentucky estate of the American statesman Henry Clay (Clay, Henry). In 1877 Ashland became the terminus of the first railroad of northern Wisconsin, and it developed with iron-mining, lumbering, and shipping enterprises.

      Manufacturing, including wood products and papermaking machinery, is important to the modern economy. In the 1990s operations began to recover thousands of sunken logs (logging), almost perfectly preserved by the cold water at the bottom of Chequamegon Bay. The highly valuable wood came from timber logged in old-growth forests in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Ashland is the seat of Northland College (1892). Chequamegon National Forest (south and west), Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (north), Copper Falls State Park (southeast), and other outdoor-activity sites draw many tourists to the area. An Ojibwa Indian reservation, which includes a casino, is just east of the city. Inc. 1887. Pop. (1990) 8,695; (2000) 8,620.

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Universalium. 2010.

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