Asheville


Asheville
/ash"vil/, n.
a city in W North Carolina. 53,281.

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      city, seat of Buncombe county, west-central North Carolina, U.S. Asheville lies in the Blue Ridge Mountains (Blue Ridge), at the junction of the French Broad (French Broad River) and Swannanoa rivers. It has a mild climate and is built on an uneven plateau at an elevation of about 2,200 feet (670 metres). Asheville is the eastern gateway to Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Cherokee Indian Reservation and is the headquarters of Croatan, Nantahala, Pisgah, and Uwharrie national forests. Nearby Mount Mitchell (Mitchell, Mount), at 6,684 feet (2,037 metres), is the highest point in North Carolina and the highest peak east of the Mississippi River.

      The site was originally within a Cherokee hunting ground. Settled in 1794 by John Burton, who named it Morristown for Robert Morris (Morris, Robert), a financier of the American Revolution, it was renamed in 1797 to honour Governor Samuel Ashe. The Western North Carolina Railroad arrived in 1880, and Asheville developed as a market for livestock and tobacco. Asheville's diversified manufactures now include textiles, furniture, and printed and electrical products; services are also important. Asheville has long been the cultural, resort, and economic centre of the western part of North Carolina. It is a vacation hub for the Blue Ridge Mountains.

      Biltmore estate, the vast house and gardens established by philanthropist George Vanderbilt (Vanderbilt Family), is located there. The University of North Carolina (North Carolina, University of) at Asheville was founded as a junior college in 1927 and joined the university system in 1969. The birthplace of novelist Thomas Wolfe (Wolfe, Thomas) is preserved as a memorial, and a collection of his writings is in the Pack Memorial Library. His grave and that of short-story writer O. Henry (Henry, O.) (William Sidney Porter) are in Riverside Cemetery. Inc. town, 1797; city, 1883. Pop. (1990) city, 61,607; Asheville MSA, 191,774; (2000) city, 68,889; Asheville MSA, 225,965.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Asheville — Rathaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asheville — Asheville, NC U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 68889 Housing Units (2000): 33567 Land area (2000): 40.922295 sq. miles (105.988253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.387813 sq. miles (1.004431 sq. km) Total area (2000): 41.310108 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Asheville, NC — U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 68889 Housing Units (2000): 33567 Land area (2000): 40.922295 sq. miles (105.988253 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.387813 sq. miles (1.004431 sq. km) Total area (2000): 41.310108 sq. miles (106.992684… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Asheville — (spr. Äschwill), 1) Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Buncombe, im nordamerikanischen Staate Nord Carolina, Bank, Gymnasium, 2 Zeitungsexpeditionen; 1500 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt der Grafschaft St. Clair, im nordamerikanischen Staate Alabama, an der Selma… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Asheville — (spr. äschwill), Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Buncombe in Nordcarolina, am French Broadfluß und zwischen den höchsten Appalachenketten schon gelegen, mit bedeutendem Fremdenverkehr und Tabakhandel und (1900) 14,694 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Asheville — (spr. äschwil), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Nordkarolina, (1900) 14.694 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Asheville —   [ æʃvɪl], Stadt und beliebter Kurort in North Carolina, USA, 675 m über dem Meeresspiegel, in der Blauen Kette (Appalachen) gelegen, 62 000 Einwohner.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Asheville — [ash′vil΄] [after Samuel Ashe (1725 1813), governor of N.C.] city in W N.C.: pop. 69,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Asheville — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Asheville (homonymie).  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Ashville …   Wikipédia en Français


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