ASCII


ASCII
/as"kee/, n.
a standard code, consisting of 128 7-bit combinations, for characters stored in a computer or to be transmitted between computers.
[A(merican) S(tandard) C(ode for) I(nformation) I(nterchange)]

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Data-transmission code used to represent both text (letters, numbers, punctuation marks) and noninput device commands (control characters) for electronic exchange and storage.

Standard ASCII uses a string of 7 bits (binary digits) for each symbol and can thus represent 27 = 128 characters. Extended ASCII uses an 8-bit encoding system and can thus represent 28 = 256 characters. While ASCII is still found in legacy data, Unicode, with 8-, 16-, and 32-bit versions, has become standard for modern operating systems and browsers. In particular, the 32-bit version now supports all of the characters in every major language.

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abbreviation  of American Standard Code For Information Interchange, 

      a standard data-transmission code that is used by smaller and less-powerful computers to represent both textual data (letters, numbers, and punctuation marks) and noninput-device commands (control characters). Like other coding systems, it converts information into standardized digital formats that allow computers to communicate with each other and to efficiently process and store data.

      The ASCII code was originally developed for teletypewriters but eventually found wide application in personal computers. The standard ASCII code uses seven-digit binary numbers (binary number system); i.e., numbers consisting of various sequences of 0's and 1's. The code can represent 128 different characters, since there are 128 different possible combinations of seven 0's and 1's. The binary sequence 1010000, for example, represents an uppercase “P,” while the sequence 1110000 represents a lowercase “p.”

      Digital computers (digital computer) use a binary code that is arranged in groups of eight rather than of seven digits, or bits. Each such eight-digit group is called a byte. Because digital computers use eight-bit bytes, the ASCII code is commonly embedded in an eight-bit field consisting of the seven information bits and a parity bit that is used for error-checking purposes or to represent special symbols. The use of an eight-bit system increased the number of characters the code could represent to 256. The eight-bit system, which is known as the extended ASCII code, was introduced in 1981 by the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) for use with its first model of personal computer. This extended ASCII code soon became the industry-wide standard for personal computers. In it, 32 code combinations are used for machine and control commands, such as “start of text,” “carriage return,” and “form feed.” The next group of 32 combinations is used for numbers and various punctuation symbols. Another group of 32 combinations is used for uppercase letters and a few other punctuation marks, and the last 32 are used for lowercase letters.

      A different coding system, the EBCDIC (Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code), is used in mainframe computers and minicomputers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ASCII — n. [Acronym: American Standard Code for Information Interchange.](Computers) 1. the American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a code consisting of a set of 128 7 bit combinations used in digital computers internally, for display… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ascii — As ci*i, Ascians As cians, n. pl. [L. ascii, pl. of ascius, Gr. ? without shadow; a priv. + ? shadow.] Persons who, at certain times of the year, have no shadow at noon; applied to the inhabitants of the torrid zone, who have, twice a year, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ASCII — 〈[ạskı] m.; Gen.: od. s; Pl.: unz.; kurz für〉 ASCII Code …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • ASCII — (АСКИИ)     Стандартный комплект знаков шрифта, определенный Американским национальным институтом стандартов (ANSI). Построен на основе семибитной кодировки, поэтому максимально насчитывает 128 знаков, из которых первые 32 являются управляющими и …   Шрифтовая терминология

  • Ascĭi — (gr., Unschattige, Schattenlose), Erdbewohner, welche zur Mittagszeit nur unter sich Schatten werfen; unter den Wendekreisen trifft dies einmal, zwischen denselben zweimal des Jahres, diese heißen Amphiscii (Zweischattige); Antiscii… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ascĭi — (lat.), s. Amphiscii …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ascii — Ascii, die Schattenlosen, Beiname der Tropenbewohner, welche zweimal im Jahre zur Mittagszeit keinen Schatten werfen, weil ihnen die Sonne über dem Scheitel steht …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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