ascariasis


ascariasis
/as'keuh ruy"euh sis/, n. Pathol.
infestation with ascarids, esp. Ascaris lumbricoides.
[1885-90; < NL; see ASCARID, -IASIS]

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 infection of humans and other mammals caused by the intestinal roundworm (nematode) Ascaris lumbricoides. Infection follows the ingestion of Ascaris eggs that have contaminated foods or soil. In the small intestine the larvae are liberated and migrate through the intestinal wall, reaching the lungs, where they may produce a host sensitization that results in lung inflammation and fluid retention. About 10 days later, the larvae pass from the respiratory passages into the digestive tract and mature into egg-producing worms, which grow to some 15 to 40 cm (6 to 16 inches) in length, in the small intestine. Serious, even fatal, complications of ascariasis result from the infiltration of the larvae into sensitive tissues, such as the brain, and from the migration of the adult worms into various body structures where they produce abcesses and toxic manifestations.

      Ascariasis exists worldwide in rural communities and is believed to affect some 660 million persons. The sanitary disposal of human excreta is the most important preventive measure. Treatment is by the use of drugs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ascariasis — is a human disease caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides . Perhaps as many as one quarter of the world s people are infected [cite journal |author=Williams Blangero S, VandeBerg JL, Subedi J, et al |title=Genes on chromosomes 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Ascariasis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ascariasis Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico …   Wikipedia Español

  • ascariasis — infestación con ascárides, gusanos nematodos parásitos intestinales. Ascaridiasis o ascaridiosis [ICD 10:B77.9] Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. ascariasis Infección producida por un helminto …   Diccionario médico

  • Ascariasis — As ca*ri a*sis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? an intestinal worm.] (Med.) A disease, usually accompanied by colicky pains and diarrhea, caused by the presence of ascarids in the gastrointestinal canal. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ascariasis —   [zu griechisch askarís, askarídos »ein Eingeweidewurm«] die, /...ri asen, Ascaridiasis, Askariasis, Askaridiasis, durch Spulwürmer hervorgerufene Wurmkrankheit …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ascariasis — [as΄kə rī′ə sis] n. pl. ascariases [as΄kə rī′əsēz΄] [ModL: see ASCARID & IASIS] infestation with ascarids or a disease caused by this; esp., infestation of the intestines by a particular roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides) …   English World dictionary

  • Ascariasis — Infection with Ascaris lubricoides, the intestinal roundworm, the most common worm infection in humans. Ascaris eggs are found in the soil. Infection occurs when a person accidently ingests (swallows) infective ascaris eggs. Once in the stomach,… …   Medical dictionary

  • ascariasis — n. a disease caused by an infestation with the parasitic worm Ascaris lumbricoides. Adult worms in the intestine can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, diarrhoea, appendicitis, and peritonitis; in large numbers they may cause… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • ascariasis — noun (plural ascariases) Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1888 infestation with or disease caused by ascarids …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ascariasis — Spulwurm Weibchen des Spulwurmes (Ascaris lumbricoides) Systematik Stamm: Fadenwürmer (Nematoda) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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