Aru Islands


Aru Islands
/ahr"ooh/
an island group in Indonesia, SW of New Guinea. 3306 sq. mi. (8565 sq. km).

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Island group, eastern Indonesia.

The easternmost island group of the Moluccas, located off southwestern New Guinea, it consists of one large island and about 90 small ones. The main island, Tanabesan, is about 120 mi (195 km) long and is divided into six sections by narrow channels. Dobo, on Wamar Island, is the principal harbour. The islands became part of Indonesia in 1949.

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▪ islands, Indonesia
Indonesian  Kepulauan Aru , Dutch  Aroe Eilanden 

      easternmost island group of the Moluccas, eastern Indonesia, in the Arafura Sea. Administratively they form part of Maluku province. The group extends north-south about 110 miles (180 km) and some 50 miles (80 km) east-west and consists largely of six main islands (Warilau, Kola, Wokam, Kobroor, Maikoor, and Trangan) separated by five narrow channels. About 85 smaller islands bring the group's total area to 3,306 square miles (8,563 square km). Dobo, the main town, on small Wamar Island, is the site of the principal harbour and a minor airport. All the islands are low, covered with dense forest, and edged by swampy coastal areas. Vegetation includes screw pines, palm trees, kanari (Java almond), and tree ferns. Trangan has grassy plains. Fauna is Papuan with strong Australian affinities; marsupials are the dominant mammals.

      The inhabitants are of mixed Papuan and Malay ancestry and adhere to traditional animist religions. Some Muslims and Christians inhabit the western islands, where the villages are coastal and nestle among clumps of trees. In the eastern islands the villages stand on high rocks. Houses are entered by a trapdoor in the middle of the floor. Crops include sago, rice, corn (maize), sugar, tobacco, and coconuts. Collecting trepang, pearls, mother-of-pearl, and tortoiseshells provides the islanders' main income.

      Visited in 1606 by the Dutch, the Aru Islands were occupied by the Japanese in 1942. After World War II they reverted to The Netherlands, and they became part of Indonesia in 1949.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aru Islands — [ä′ro͞o] group of islands of Indonesia, part of the Moluccas, in the Arafura Sea southwest of New Guinea: c. 3,300 sq mi (8,547 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Aru Islands — Location of the Aru Islands among surrounding islands of eastern Indonesia Location of the Ar …   Wikipedia

  • Aru Islands — /aru ˈaɪləndz/ (say ahrooh uyluhndz) plural noun an island group in Indonesia, south west of New Guinea. About 8500 km2 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Aru Islands — geographical name islands E Indonesia S of W New Guinea area 3305 square miles (8593 square kilometers), population 29,604 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Aru Islands — /ahr ooh/ an island group in Indonesia, SW of New Guinea. 3306 sq. mi. (8565 sq. km). Also, Arru Islands …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aru Islands — A′ru Is′lands [[t]ˈɑr u[/t]] n. pl. geg an island group in Indonesia, SW of New Guinea. 3306 sq. mi. (8565 sq. km) …   From formal English to slang

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