Arthur


Arthur
/ahr"theuhr/, n.
1. Chester Alan, 1830-86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881-85.
2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table.
3. a male given name.

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(as used in expressions)
Adamov Arthur
Arthur's Pass
Arthur Chester Alan
Ashe Arthur Robert Jr.
Baldwin James Arthur
Balfour of Whittingehame Arthur James 1st Earl
Bell Arthur Clive Heward
Bliss Sir Arthur Edward Drummond
Buchwald Arthur
Cary Arthur Joyce Lunel
Chamberlain Arthur Neville
Charles Philip Arthur George prince of Wales
Clarke Arthur Charles
Compton Arthur Holly
Conan Doyle Sir Arthur
Currie Sir Arthur William
Dart Raymond Arthur
Dubuffet Jean Philippe Arthur
Eddington Sir Arthur Stanley
Erickson Arthur Charles
Evans Sir Arthur John
Fiedler Arthur
Freed Arthur
Arthur Grossman
Albert Frederick Arthur George
Gielgud Sir Arthur John
Glaser Donald Arthur
Gobineau Joseph Arthur count de
Godfrey Arthur Morton
Goldberg Arthur Joseph
Granit Ragnar Arthur
Griffith Arthur
Harden Sir Arthur
Harris Sir Arthur Travers 1st Baronet
Heiden Eric Arthur
Honegger Arthur
Ferguson Arthur Jenkins
John Arthur Johnson
Koestler Arthur
Kornberg Arthur
Larkin Philip Arthur
Linkletter Arthur Gordon
Miller Arthur
Mitchell Arthur
Eric Arthur Blair
Pinero Sir Arthur Wing
Quiller Couch Sir Arthur Thomas
Rackham Arthur
Rank Joseph Arthur Baron Rank of Sutton Scotney
Rimbaud Jean Nicolas Arthur
Russell Bertrand Arthur William 3rd Earl Russell
Sackler Arthur Mitchell
Saint Léon Charles Victor Arthur Michel
Schlesinger Arthur Meier and Schlesinger Arthur Meier Jr.
Schnitzler Arthur
Schopenhauer Arthur
Arthur Flegenheimer
Seyss Inquart Arthur
Arthur Jacob Arshawsky
Sullivan Sir Arthur Seymour
Sulzberger Arthur Hays
Sulzberger Arthur Ochs
Symons Arthur William
Tappan Arthur
Tatum Arthur
Tedder of Glenguin Arthur William Tedder 1st Baron
Vandenberg Arthur Hendrick
Waugh Evelyn Arthur St. John
Wellington Arthur Wellesley 1st duke of
Zimmermann Arthur
Arthur Stanley Jefferson
Salisbury Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd marquess of

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      village, Douglas and Moultrie counties, east-central Illinois, U.S. It lies about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Champaign. Founded in 1873 as a railroad switching point, it was originally called Glasgow but was soon renamed for a brother of Robert Hervey, president of the Paris and Decatur Railroad. Members of the Old Order Amish settlement, a conservative religious group in the area since 1865 and now numbering some 3,500 to 4,000 members, have contributed to the character of the community. Horse-drawn buggies, the mode of travel for many Amish, share the country roads and village streets with automobiles, and local Amish businesses produce a number of traditional goods. Agriculture (corn [maize], soybeans, poultry, and livestock) and tourism are important to the local economy; manufactures include cabinets, furniture, garage doors, storage tanks, paper packaging, plastics, and farm implements. Lake Shelbyville, along with two state parks and a wildlife area, is southwest. Inc. 1877. Pop. (1990) 2,112; (2000) 2,203.

▪ legendary king of Britain
 legendary British king who appears in a cycle of medieval romances (known as the matter of Britain) as the sovereign of a knightly fellowship of the Round Table. It is not certain how or where (in Wales or in those parts of northern Britain inhabited by Brythonic-speaking Celts) these legends originated or whether the figure Arthur was based on a historical person. See also Arthurian legend.

      Assumptions that a historical Arthur led Welsh resistance to the West Saxon advance from the middle Thames are based on a conflation of two early writers, the religious polemicist Gildas and the historian Nennius, and on the Annales Cambriae of the late 10th century. The 9th-century Historia Brittonum, traditionally attributed to Nennius, records 12 battles fought by Arthur against the Saxons, culminating in a victory at Mons Badonicus. The Arthurian section of this work, however, is from an undetermined source, possibly a poetic text. The Annales Cambriae also mention Arthur's victory at Mons Badonicus (516) and record the Battle of Camlann (537), “in which Arthur and Medraut fell.” Gildas' De excidio et conquestu Britanniae (mid-6th century) implies that Mons Badonicus was fought in about 500 but does not connect it with Arthur.

      Early Welsh literature quickly made Arthur into a king of wonders and marvels. The 12th-century prose romance Kulhwch and Olwen associated him with other heroes, this conception of a heroic band, with Arthur at its head, doubtless leading to the idea of Arthur's court.

Additional Reading
Richard W. Barber, King Arthur: Hero and Legend, 3rd ed., rev. and extended (1986, reissued 2004).

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Universalium. 2010.

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