Arran


Arran
/ar"euhn/, n.
an island in SW Scotland, in the Firth of Clyde. 3705; 166 sq. mi. (430 sq. km).

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      largest island in the North Ayrshire council area and the historic county of Buteshire, western Scotland, on the Atlantic coast at the mouth of the Firth of Clyde. Arran is approximately 20 miles (32 km) long and has a mean breadth of 9 miles (14 km) and an area of 166 square miles (431 square km).

      Arran is called “Scotland in miniature” because of the beauty and variety of its scenery. The north of the island includes the most dramatic scenery, dominated by Goat Fell, with an elevation of 2,868 feet (874 metres). The surrounding glens (valleys), notably Glen Rosa, Glen Sannox, and Glen Monamore, abound in hill and rock climbs and are well stocked with game, including grouse and red deer. In the south the landscape is gentler and more pastoral and abounds in standing stones dating from approximately 2000 BC.

      Norse raiders inhabited Arran for a considerable period prior to the defeat of Haakon IV (Haakon IV Haakonsson) in 1263. The King's Caves, on the west coast, sheltered Robert the Bruce (Robert I) in the early 14th century. In 1503 Arran was awarded by royal charter to Sir James Hamilton, whose castle dominates Brodick, the island's unofficial capital. Three miles south of Brodick in Lamlash Bay lies Holy Island, a cone of basaltic rock 1,030 feet (314 metres) high containing the cave the 6th-century hermit St. Molaise used as a cell.

      Because of its scenery and its accessibility to densely populated urban areas such as Glasgow, Arran has become an extremely popular holiday island and yet remains unspoiled. It is reached by steamer from Ardrossan, southwest of Glasgow. Pop. (2001) 5,058.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Árran — is the Lule Sámi Center in the village of Drag in Tysfjord, Norway. The purpose of the center is to foster and promote the Lule Sámi language and culture, which it does by arranging on site and videoconference courses in Lule Sámi, publishing… …   Wikipedia

  • Arran —    ARRAN, an island, in the county of Bute; comprising the parishes of Kilbride and Kilmory, and containing 6241 inhabitants. This island, called Glotta Astuarium by the Romans, is situated in the Frith of Clyde, between the coast of Ayrshire,… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Arran [1] — Arran, Insel, so v.w. Aran 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arran [2] — Arran, Jakob Stuart, Graf v. A., Schotte, diente Anfangs dem König Erich XIV. von Schweden, dann Jakob VI. von Schottland; stieg durch Verbrechen bis zum Kanzler u. mächtigen Günstling desselben, bis Jakob 1585 von Maxwell u. a. Großen genöthigt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arran [1] — Arran (spr. ärren), Insel im Firth of Clyde, zu Buteshire (Schottland) gehörig, 430 qkm (7,5 QM.) groß mit (1891) 4824 Einw., von denen die Hälfte noch gälisch spricht, ist namentlich im N., wo der Goatfell (Gaedhschein oder Windberg) zu 876 m… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arran [2] — Arran, Grafen von, s. Hamilton; seit 1762 auch Grafentitel der irischen Familie Gore …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arran — (spr. ärränn), gebirgige Insel der schott. Grafsch. Bute, im Clydebusen, 465 qkm, ca. 7700 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arran — Arran, gebirgige Insel an der Küste von Schottland an der Mündung des Clyde, 71/2 QM. groß mit 8000 E.; Hanfbau, Viehzucht, Fischerei. Hauptort Lamlash. Der 2700 hohe Goatfield gibt außer den sog. A. Diamanten, Bergkrystall, Jaspis und Achate.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Arran —   [ ærən], Insel vor der Südwestküste Schottlands im Firth of Clyde, 428 km2, 4 500 Einwohner; reich an Megalithdenkmälern. Die zum Teil noch gälisch sprechende Bevölkerung bewohnt zumeist den Küstensaum. An der Ostküste liegt der Hauptort… …   Universal-Lexikon


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