armistice


armistice
/ahr"meuh stis/, n.
a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties; truce: World War I ended with the armistice of 1918.
[1655-65; < F < ML armistitium, equiv. to L armi- (comb. form of arma ARM2) + -stitium a stopping (stit- (var. s. of sistere to stop; see STAND) + -ium -IUM)]

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(Nov. 11, 1918) Agreement between Germany and the Allies ending World War I.

Allied representatives met with a German delegation in a railway carriage at Rethondes, France, to discuss terms. The agreement was signed on Nov. 11, 1918, and the war ended at 11:00 AM that day ("the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month"). The principal term was that Germany would evacuate Belgium, France, and Alsace-Lorraine. Negotiations formalizing the armistice were conducted at the Paris Peace Conference. Later a "stab in the back" legend developed in Germany, asserting that the German military situation had not been hopeless and that traitorous politicians had done the Allies' bidding by signing the Armistice.

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law
      an agreement for the cessation of active hostilities between two or more belligerents. Generally, the terms, scope, and duration of an armistice are determined by the contracting belligerents. An armistice agreement may involve a partial or temporary cessation of hostilities—called a local armistice or truce—established for a variety of specific purposes, such as collecting the dead. Or it may involve a general armistice (i.e., a total cessation of all hostilities) such as the French armistice agreement of 1940. Although a total cessation may appear to be tantamount to a de facto termination of the war, it is not recognized as such legally. Under international law the state of war still exists and with it the rights and duties of the belligerents and of the neutral parties. Thus, unless otherwise agreed, the warring parties may continue to maintain a blockade and conduct visitations of neutral ships. The more recent trend has been to broaden the scope of the armistice to give it the form and substance of a preliminary peace treaty such as the armistice agreement signed on July 27, 1953, ending the hostilities in Korea.

      The general rules regarding an armistice were formulated at the Hague Peace (Hague Convention) Conference of 1907 and are contained in the Hague land war regulations. According to the provisions of these regulations, hostilities can be resumed in an indefinite armistice as a result of proper notification or serious violation of the armistice. Acts that constitute a serious violation include a deliberate advance, seizure of any point outside a party's line, and withdrawal of troops from an unfavourable or weak position.

      The Armistice of Nov. 11, 1918, ending World War I between Germany and the Allied powers, departed from the usual form (1) in being preceded by negotiations between the belligerents, resulting in a so-called “prearmistice” agreement and (2) in including political and financial clauses in addition to the military terms. Its military terms made the resumption of hostilities virtually impossible for Germany, thus precluding the usual option in armistices.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • armistice — [ armistis ] n. m. • 1680; n. f. XVIIIe; lat. médiév. armisticium, de arma « armes » et sistere « arrêter », sur le modèle de interstitium « intervalle de temps » ♦ Convention conclue entre les belligérants afin de suspendre les hostilités. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Armistice de 14-18 — Armistice de 1918 Cette photographie a été prise après la signature de l armistice à la sortie du « wagon de l Armistice » du train d État Major[1] du maréchal Ferdinand Foch (deuxième à partir de la droite) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • armistice — index cessation (interlude), halt, interruption, lull, pause, peace, treaty Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • Armistice (EP) — Armistice Single par Armistice Sortie 14 février 2011 :  France 15 février 2011 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • armistice — ARMISTICE. subs. m. Suspension d armes. Un long armistice. Convenir d un armistice. Rompre l armistice. Armistice de quelques jours. L armistice ne fut pas de durée, ne tarda pas à cesser, à expirer …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • armistice — (n.) 1707, from Fr. armistice (1680s), coined on the model of L. solstitium (see SOLSTICE (Cf. solstice)), etc., from L. arma arms (see ARM (Cf. arm) (n.2)) + stitium (used only in compounds), from sistere cause to stand (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • Armistice — Ar mis*tice, n. [F. armistice, fr. (an assumed word) L. armistitium; arma arms + stare, statum (combining form, stitum), to stand still.] A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • armistice — *truce, cease fire, peace …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • armistice — [n] peace establishing agreement ceasefire, suspension, treaty, truce; concepts 230,684 Ant. dispute, fight, war …   New thesaurus

  • armistice — ► NOUN ▪ a truce. ORIGIN French, from Latin arma armour, arms + stitium stoppage …   English terms dictionary

  • armistice — [är′mə stis] n. [Fr < L arma, arms (see ARM2) + stitium (as in solstitium, SOLSTICE) < sistere, to cause to stand, redupl. < stare, STAND] a temporary stopping of warfare by mutual agreement, as a truce preliminary to the signing of a… …   English World dictionary


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