Arius


Arius
/euh ruy"euhs, air"ee-/, n.
died A.D. 336, Christian priest at Alexandria: founder of Arianism.

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born с 250, Libya
died 336, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire

Christian priest and heretic whose teachings gave rise to the doctrine of Arianism.

He was leader of a Christian community near Alexandria, Egypt, where he preached doctrines that combined Neoplatonism with a literal, rationalist interpretation of biblical texts. By asserting the absolute oneness and immutability of God, he called into question the divinity of Christ. His views were publicized through his major work, Thalia (с 323). In 325 the Council of Nicaea declared him a heretic. He was striving to compromise his views and win readmission to the church when he died suddenly in Constantinople. The Arian heresy posed a threat to Christian orthodoxy for several centuries.

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▪ priest of Alexandria
born c. 250, Libya
died 336, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.]

      Christian priest of Alexandria, Egypt, whose teachings gave rise to a theological doctrine known as Arianism, which, in affirming the created, finite nature of Christ, was denounced by the early church as a major heresy.

      An ascetical, moral leader of a Christian community in the area of Alexandria, Arius attracted a large following through a message integrating Neoplatonism, which accented the absolute oneness of the divinity as the highest perfection, with a literal, rationalist approach to the New Testament texts. This point of view was publicized about 323 through the poetic verse of his major work, Thalia (“Banquet”), and was widely spread by popular songs written for labourers and travelers.

      The Council of Nicaea (Nicaea, Council of), in May 325, declared Arius a heretic after he refused to sign the formula of faith stating that Christ was of the same divine nature as God. Influential support from colleagues in Asia Minor and from Constantia, the sister of Emperor Constantine I, succeeded in effecting Arius's return from exile and his readmission into the church after consenting to a compromise formula. Shortly before he was to be reconciled, however, Arius collapsed and died while walking through the streets of Constantinople.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arius — (AD ca. 250 or 256 336) was a Christian priest from Alexandria, Egypt in the early fourth century whose teachings, now called Arianism, were deemed heretical by the Church. In about the year 318, he was involved in a dispute with his bishop,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arius — (Areios) [aˈriːʊs] (* um 260; † 336 in Konstantinopel) war ein christlicher Presbyter aus Alexandria. Nach ihm ist die Lehre des Arianismus benannt. Leben und Lehre Nach Epiphanius von Salamis stammte Arius aus Libyia, womit wohl die alte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arius — • An heresiarch, born about A.D. 250; died 336 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Arius     Arius     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Arīus — Arīus, geboren im 3. Jahrh. in Kyrene, n. And. in Alexandria, gebildet von Lucian in Antiochia, war erst Diacon, dann Presbyter zu Alexandria; er ist Haupt u. Gründer der Arianer (s.d.); wurde 321 auf dem Concil zu Alexandria abgesetzt u. seine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arīus — (griech. Areios), Stifter der Arianer, s. Arianischer Streit …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arius — Arīus, Haupt der Arianer (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arius — Arius, ein Afrikaner aus Aegypten oder Cyrene, zuerst Diakon, dann Presbyter in Alexandrien, behauptete: der Logos oder Sohn ist dem Wesen nach nicht dem Vater gleich; er ist ein Geschöpf des Vaters, aber ein vorweltliches, durch das die Welt… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Arius — (v. 256 336) prêtre hérésiarque, fondateur de l arianisme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arius — Arius,   griechisch Ạreios, Presbyter in Alexandria, * um 260, ✝ Konstantinopel 336; Schüler Lukians von Antiochia; wegen seiner theologischen Position (Arianismus) 318 als Häretiker exkommuniziert, 335 durch Kaiser Konstantin rehabilitiert.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arius — [ar′ē əs; ] also, [ə rī′əs] A.D. 250? 336; Alexandrian theologian, born in Libya: see ARIANISM …   English World dictionary

  • Arius — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Arius peut désigner : Arius (256 336), un prêtre alexandrin à l origine de l hérésie qui porte son nom : l arianisme. Henri Arius (1897 1968),… …   Wikipédia en Français


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