/ahr"gyeuh meuhnt/, n.
1. an oral disagreement; verbal opposition; contention; altercation: a violent argument.
2. a discussion involving differing points of view; debate: They were deeply involved in an argument about inflation.
3. a process of reasoning; series of reasons: I couldn't follow his argument.
4. a statement, reason, or fact for or against a point: This is a strong argument in favor of her theory.
5. an address or composition intended to convince or persuade; persuasive discourse.
6. subject matter; theme: The central argument of his paper was presented clearly.
7. an abstract or summary of the major points in a work of prose or poetry, or of sections of such a work.
8. Math.
a. an independent variable of a function.
b. Also called amplitude. the angle made by a given vector with the reference axis.
c. the angle corresponding to a point representing a given complex number in polar coordinates. Cf. principal argument.
9. Computers. a variable in a program, to which a value will be assigned when the program is run: often given in parentheses following a function name and used to calculate the function.
10. Obs.
a. evidence or proof.
b. a matter of contention.
[1325-75; ME ( < OF) < L argumentum. See ARGUE, -MENT]
Syn. 1. ARGUMENT, CONTROVERSY, DISPUTE imply the expression of opinions for and against some idea. An ARGUMENT usually arises from a disagreement between two persons, each of whom advances facts supporting his or her own point of view. A CONTROVERSY or a DISPUTE may involve two or more persons. A DISPUTE is an oral contention, usually brief, and often of a heated, angry, or undignified character: a violent dispute over a purchase. A CONTROVERSY is an oral or written expression of contrary opinions, and may be dignified and of some duration: a political controversy.

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(as used in expressions)

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      in logic, reasons that support a conclusion, sometimes formulated so that the conclusion is deduced from premises. Erroneous arguments are called fallacies in logic (see fallacy). In mathematics, an argument is a variable in the domain of a function and usually appears symbolically in parentheses following the functional symbol.

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Universalium. 2010.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • argument — [ argymɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1160; lat. argumentum → arguer 1 ♦ Raisonnement destiné à prouver ou à réfuter une proposition, et par ext. Preuve à l appui ou à l encontre d une proposition. ⇒ raisonnement; argumentation, démonstration; preuve, raison.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • argument — ar·gu·ment n 1: a reason or the reasoning given for or against a matter under discussion compare evidence, proof 2: the act or process of arguing, reasoning, or discussing; esp: oral argum …   Law dictionary

  • argument — ARGUMENT. s. m. Terme de Logique. Raisonnement par lequel on tire une conséquence d une ou de deux propositions. Argument en forme. Puissant argument. Argument concluant, démonstratif, pressant, invincible. Fort argument. Faux argument. Argument… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • argument — Argument. s. m. Terme de Logique. Raisonnement par lequel on tire une consequence d une ou de deux propositions. Argument en forme. argument probable. puissant argument. argument concluant, demonstratif, invincible, fort argument. faux argument.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • argument — ARGUMÉNT, argumente, s.n. 1. Raţionament, dovadă adusă în sprijinul unei afirmaţii. 2. (mat.) Variabila (variabilă) independentă a unei funcţii. – Din fr. argument, lat. argumentum. Trimis de romac, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ARGUMÉNT s. I. 1.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Argument — Ar gu*ment, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr. arguere to argue.] 1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity. Ray. [1913 Webster] Why, then, is it made a badge of wit …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • argument — argùment (argùmenat) m <G ēnta, N mn nti, G nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. rasuđivanje koje se iznosi kao razlog za neku tvrdnju [dati argumente; iznijeti argumente; pobiti argumente; jak argument; snažan argument]; dokaz 2. sredstvo koje služi da se… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • argument — 1 proof, *reason, ground Analogous words: proving, demonstrating or demonstration (see corresponding verbs at PROVE): disproving or disproof, refuting or refutation, rebutting or rebuttal (see corresponding verbs at DISPROVE) 2 Argument, dispute …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Argument — Sn Beweisgrund erw. fach. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. argūmentum, einer Ableitung von l. arguere beweisen, erhellen . Verb: argumentieren; Abstraktum: Argumentation.    Ebenso nndl. argument, ne. argument, nfrz. argument, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • argument — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. argumentncie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} potwierdzający lub obalający sąd o czymś; motyw, racja : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Przekonujący, decydujący, niezbity,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

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