argument


argument
/ahr"gyeuh meuhnt/, n.
1. an oral disagreement; verbal opposition; contention; altercation: a violent argument.
2. a discussion involving differing points of view; debate: They were deeply involved in an argument about inflation.
3. a process of reasoning; series of reasons: I couldn't follow his argument.
4. a statement, reason, or fact for or against a point: This is a strong argument in favor of her theory.
5. an address or composition intended to convince or persuade; persuasive discourse.
6. subject matter; theme: The central argument of his paper was presented clearly.
7. an abstract or summary of the major points in a work of prose or poetry, or of sections of such a work.
8. Math.
a. an independent variable of a function.
b. Also called amplitude. the angle made by a given vector with the reference axis.
c. the angle corresponding to a point representing a given complex number in polar coordinates. Cf. principal argument.
9. Computers. a variable in a program, to which a value will be assigned when the program is run: often given in parentheses following a function name and used to calculate the function.
10. Obs.
a. evidence or proof.
b. a matter of contention.
[1325-75; ME ( < OF) < L argumentum. See ARGUE, -MENT]
Syn. 1. ARGUMENT, CONTROVERSY, DISPUTE imply the expression of opinions for and against some idea. An ARGUMENT usually arises from a disagreement between two persons, each of whom advances facts supporting his or her own point of view. A CONTROVERSY or a DISPUTE may involve two or more persons. A DISPUTE is an oral contention, usually brief, and often of a heated, angry, or undignified character: a violent dispute over a purchase. A CONTROVERSY is an oral or written expression of contrary opinions, and may be dignified and of some duration: a political controversy.

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(as used in expressions)

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reason
      in logic, reasons that support a conclusion, sometimes formulated so that the conclusion is deduced from premises. Erroneous arguments are called fallacies in logic (see fallacy). In mathematics, an argument is a variable in the domain of a function and usually appears symbolically in parentheses following the functional symbol.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • argument — [ argymɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1160; lat. argumentum → arguer 1 ♦ Raisonnement destiné à prouver ou à réfuter une proposition, et par ext. Preuve à l appui ou à l encontre d une proposition. ⇒ raisonnement; argumentation, démonstration; preuve, raison.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • argument — ar·gu·ment n 1: a reason or the reasoning given for or against a matter under discussion compare evidence, proof 2: the act or process of arguing, reasoning, or discussing; esp: oral argum …   Law dictionary

  • argument — ARGUMENT. s. m. Terme de Logique. Raisonnement par lequel on tire une conséquence d une ou de deux propositions. Argument en forme. Puissant argument. Argument concluant, démonstratif, pressant, invincible. Fort argument. Faux argument. Argument… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • argument — Argument. s. m. Terme de Logique. Raisonnement par lequel on tire une consequence d une ou de deux propositions. Argument en forme. argument probable. puissant argument. argument concluant, demonstratif, invincible, fort argument. faux argument.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • argument — ARGUMÉNT, argumente, s.n. 1. Raţionament, dovadă adusă în sprijinul unei afirmaţii. 2. (mat.) Variabila (variabilă) independentă a unei funcţii. – Din fr. argument, lat. argumentum. Trimis de romac, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ARGUMÉNT s. I. 1.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Argument — Ar gu*ment, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr. arguere to argue.] 1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity. Ray. [1913 Webster] Why, then, is it made a badge of wit …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • argument — argùment (argùmenat) m <G ēnta, N mn nti, G nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. rasuđivanje koje se iznosi kao razlog za neku tvrdnju [dati argumente; iznijeti argumente; pobiti argumente; jak argument; snažan argument]; dokaz 2. sredstvo koje služi da se… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • argument — 1 proof, *reason, ground Analogous words: proving, demonstrating or demonstration (see corresponding verbs at PROVE): disproving or disproof, refuting or refutation, rebutting or rebuttal (see corresponding verbs at DISPROVE) 2 Argument, dispute …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Argument — Sn Beweisgrund erw. fach. (14. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. argūmentum, einer Ableitung von l. arguere beweisen, erhellen . Verb: argumentieren; Abstraktum: Argumentation.    Ebenso nndl. argument, ne. argument, nfrz. argument, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • argument — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. argumentncie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} potwierdzający lub obalający sąd o czymś; motyw, racja : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Przekonujący, decydujący, niezbity,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Argument — Argument, eine unabhängige veränderliche Größe mit Bezug auf irgend eine Funktion derselben. In dem Falle z.B., daß eine Wertereihe jener Größe den Eingang einer numerischen Tafel bildet, in der die zugehörigen Funktionswerte zusammengestellt… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik


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