archon


archon
archonship, n.
/ahr"kon/, n.
1. a higher magistrate in ancient Athens.
2. any ruler.
[1650-60; < Gk árchon magistrate, ruler, n. use of prp. of árchein to be first, rule; see ARCHI-]

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In Gnosticism, any of various world-governing powers created with the material world by the Demiurge.

Because the Gnostics regarded the material world as evil or as the product of error, Archons were considered forces of evil. Seven or 12 in number, they were identified with the seven planets of antiquity or the 12 signs of the zodiac. They were thought to have imprisoned the divine spark of human souls in material creation. The gnosis sent from the realms of divine light through Jesus enabled Gnostic initiates to pass through the spheres of the Archons into the realms of light.

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      in Gnosticism, any of a number of world-governing powers that were created with the material world by a subordinate deity called the Demiurge (Creator). The Gnostics were religious dualists who held that matter is evil and the spirit good and that salvation is attained by esoteric knowledge, or gnosis.

      Because the Gnostics of the 2nd and 3rd centuries, who generally originated within Christianity, regarded the material world as outright evil or as the product of error, Archons were viewed as maleficent forces. They numbered 7 or 12 and were identified with the seven planets of antiquity or with the signs of the zodiac. Sometimes the Demiurge and the Archons were identified with the God, the angels, and the law of the Old Testament and hence received Hebrew names. The recurring image of Archons is that of jailers imprisoning the divine spark in human souls held captive in material creation. The purpose of the gnosis sent from the realms of divine light beyond the universe through the divine emanation (aeon) Christ was to enable Gnostic initiates to pass through the spheres of the Archons into the realms of light.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Archon — Ar chon, n. [L. archon, Gr. ?, ?, ruler, chief magistrate, p. pr. of ? to be first, to rule.] (Antiq.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by pre[ e]minence, the first of the nine chief magistrates. {Ar*chon tic}, a. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archon — [är′kän΄, är′kən] n. [Gr archōn < archein: see ARCH ] 1. one of the chief magistrates of ancient Athens 2. a ruler or chief officer …   English World dictionary

  • Archon [1] — Archon (gr., Mehrzahl Archontes), 1) Herrscher, Anführer; 2) die obersten Staatsbeamten in Athen, nach dem Tode des Königs Kodros 1068 v. Chr. gewählt; über die jedesmalige Anzahl derselben, ihre Amtsdauer u. ihren Wirkungskreis (A. Basileus, A.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Archon [2] — Archon (v. gr., Anat.), so v.w. Archos …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Archon — Archon, eigentlich Herrscher, in Athen die ersten obrigkeitlichen Personen (s. Athen), später byzantinischer Amtstitel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ARCHON — e Ducibus Alexandri Magni, cui post eius excessum, in divisione Provinciarum, Babylonia est attributa. Diodor: Sic. l. 18. p. 628. f …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • archon — (n.) one of the nine chief magistrates of ancient Athens, 1650s, from Gk. arkhon ruler, noun use of prp. of arkhein to rule, from PIE *arkhein to begin, rule, command, a Gk. verb of unknown origin, but showing archaic Indo European features ...… …   Etymology dictionary


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