Arab Legion


Arab Legion
a police force (1920-56) under British supervision, responsible for keeping order among desert tribesmen in Trans-Jordan.

* * *

▪ Jordanian history
Arabic  al-Jaysh al-ʿArabī 

      police force raised in 1923 by British Lieut. Col. Frederick Gerard Peake (who had served with T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence, T E)'s Arab forces in World War I), in what was then the British protectorate of Transjordan, to keep order among Transjordanian tribes and to safeguard Transjordanian villagers from Bedouin raids. Peake's second in command, Maj. (later Gen.) Sir John Bagot Glubb (Glubb, Sir John Bagot), organized the Desert Patrol, a largely Bedouin branch of the legion, in the early 1930s. In 1939 Glubb Pasha, as he came to be known, became the legion's commander and transformed it into one of the most effective military forces in the Arab world. At the end of the first of the Arab-Israeli wars (1948–49), the Arab Legion, with some 4,500 men available for combat from its total force of 6,000, was the only Arab army that had been able to retain any Palestinian territory against the Israelis. King ʿAbdullāh of Transjordan later annexed those portions, which included Jerusalem, Hebron, and Nāblus. In April 1949 he directed that the official name of the country be changed to the Hāshimite Kingdom of Jordan.

      Even after Jordan proclaimed its independence from Britain, the Arab Legion remained under Glubb's command. Nationalist sentiment in the country grew, however, with much of it focusing on the legion's image of dependency upon the British—sustained by Glubb and his fellow British officers—as well as the accompanying lack of real opportunity for Jordanians in the corps. King Ḥussein (Ḥussein), who came into power in 1953, relieved Glubb of his command on March 1, 1956. The legion was then nationalized under the command of ʿAlī Abū Nawwār, Ḥussein's principal aide-de-camp. In that same year the Arab Legion, which was a volunteer army, merged with the Jordanian National Guard, a conscripted force, to form a unified Jordanian army.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arab Legion — The Arab Legion (al Jaysh al Arabī) was the regular army of Transjordan and then Jordan in the early part of the 20th Century.CreationIn 1921, the Hashemite Emir Abdullah I of Transjordan raised an armed force of 100 which was quickly expanded to …   Wikipedia

  • Arab Legion — a police force (1920 56) under British supervision, responsible for keeping order among desert tribesmen in Trans Jordan …   Useful english dictionary

  • ARAB POPULATION — GENERAL SURVEY Under the British Mandate, 1917–48 In 1917, at the time of the British conquest of Palestine during World War I, the country s Arabic speaking population numbered less than 600,000 persons; in 1947 it was estimated at 1,200,000.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Legion — Armed forcesMilitary units* Roman Legion * The Theban Legion – a Roman Legion whose members, under a long lasting tradition, were massacred for their Christian belief * Legion of the United States, an early United States land force * Hampton s… …   Wikipedia

  • Legion of Space Series — For the fictional military force which is part of the Interplanetary Alliance, see Space Legion The Legion of Space is a space opera science fiction series by Jack Williamson. The story takes place in an era when humans have colonized the Solar… …   Wikipedia

  • 1948 Arab–Israeli War — 1948 Arab Israeli War Part of 1948 Palestine war Ca …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic Legion — The Islamic Legion (Arabic الفيلق الإسلامي al Failaka al Islamiya G. Prunier, Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide , p. 45] ) (aka Islamic Pan African Legion) was a Libyan sponsored pan Arab paramilitary force, created in 1972. The Legion was part of… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabische Legion — Emblem der Arabischen Legion Die Arabische Legion (arabisch ‏الجيش العربي‎ al dschaisch al ʿarabī, DMG al ǧayš al ʿarabī) wurde 1921 als Polizeieinheit militärischen Charakters durch den britischen Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Gerard… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JEWISH LEGION — JEWISH LEGION, military formation of Jewish volunteers in World War I who fought in the British army for the liberation of Ereẓ Israel from Turkish rule. When Turkey entered the war on the side of the Central Powers (Oct. 30, 1914), two different …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 13th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion — 13e Demi Brigade de Légion Étrangère Badge of the 13th Foreign Legion Demi Brigade Active 20 February 1940 Country …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.