aquaculture


aquaculture
aquacultural, adj.aquaculturist, n.
/ak"weuh kul'cheuhr, ah"kweuh-/, n.
the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, esp. fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments; underwater agriculture.
[1865-70; AQUA- + (AGRI)CULTURE]

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or fish farming or mariculture

Rearing of fish, shellfish, and some aquatic plants to supplement the natural supply.

Fish are reared in controlled conditions worldwide. Though most aquaculture supplies the commercial food market, many governmental agencies engage in it to stock lakes and rivers for sport fishing. It also supplies goldfish and other decorative fish for home aquariums and bait fish for sport and commercial fishing. Carp, trout, catfish, tilapia, scallops, mussels, lobsters, and oysters are well-known species raised through aquaculture.

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also called  fish farming , fish culture , or  mariculture 
 an approximate equivalent in fishing to agriculture—that is, the rearing of fish, shellfish, and some aquatic plants to supplement the natural supply. Fish are reared under controlled conditions all over the world.

      Fish may be confined in earth ponds, concrete pools, barricaded coastal waters, or cages suspended in open water. In these enclosures, the fish can be supplied with adequate food and protected from many natural predators.

      While most fish farming is devoted to the commercial food market, many governmental agencies engage in it to stock lakes and rivers for sport fishing; there is, in addition, a steady commercial market for goldfish and other decorative fish for home aquariums. Aquaculturists also raise bait fish for both sport and commercial fishing.

       ocean ranching by governments is intended to restock lakes and oceans. The young fish are bred in the controlled environment and when sufficiently mature are released into the open sea. Oysters (as a source of both food and pearls), scallops, and mussels are raised throughout most of the world. Carp, trout, catfish, and tilapia are also widely raised. Experiments with ocean ranching in the late 20th century led to the economically successful aquaculture of lobsters.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • aquaculture — adj. 1. the cultivation of aquatic animals, such as fish or shellfish, or of plants, such as seaweed, in a controlled and sometimes enclosed body of water. The term includes use of either salt or fresh water. It is a form of agriculture, but… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aquaculture — (n.) 1869, from AQUA (Cf. aqua ) + CULTURE (Cf. culture) (n.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • aquaculture — [ak′wikul΄chər] n. [ AQUA + CULTURE] the regulation and cultivation of water plants and animals for human use or consumption aquacultural adj …   English World dictionary

  • Aquaculture — installations in southern Chile Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants …   Wikipedia

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  • aquaculture — also aquiculture noun Etymology: Latin aqua + English culture (as in agriculture) Date: 1867 the cultivation of aquatic organisms (as fish or shellfish) especially for food • aquacultural adjective • aquaculture …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aquaculture — akvakultūra statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vandens gyvūnų (žuvų, moliuskų, vėžiagyvių) ir augalų veisimas ir auginimas tvenkiniuose, vandens talpyklose, ežeruose, jūrų lagūnose ir priekrantėse, varžose, sudarant šiems… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • aquaculture — Commonly termed fish farming, but it broadly refers to the commercial growing of marine (mariculture) or freshwater animals and aquatic plants …   Fisheries — dictionary


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