appanage


appanage
/ap"euh nij/, n.
1. land or some other source of revenue assigned for the maintenance of a member of the family of a ruling house.
2. whatever belongs rightfully or appropriately to one's rank or station in life.
3. a natural or necessary accompaniment; adjunct.
Also, apanage.
[1595-1605; < MF, OF apanage, apeinaige, equiv. to apan(er) to endow (a younger son or daughter) with a maintenance ( < ML appanare; ap- AP-1 + -panare, v. deriv. of L panis bread; cf. OPr apanar to nourish) + -age -AGE]

* * *

In France, primarily from the 13th to the 16th century, the giving of lands or pensions to children of the royal family.

Established to provide for the younger brothers and sisters of the king, appanages also helped develop royal administration within the lands concerned. The Ordinance of Moulins (1566) made royal lands inalienable, so all appanages would eventually revert to the crown. They were abolished during the French Revolution but were briefly reestablished between 1810 and 1832.

* * *

▪ French history
      in France, primarily before the Revolution, the provision of lands within the royal domain, or in some cases of pensions, to the children of the royal family so that they might live in a style corresponding to their position in society. Appanages were established to provide for the younger brothers and sisters of the king but were also given to an heir to the throne before his succession, at which time the land was reannexed to the crown. Appanages were most prevalent from the 13th to the 16th century.

      Appanages raised certain problems for the crown, largely because of the personal relationship that existed between the holder and the king. At the same time, however, they afforded an opportunity for the growth and development of royal administration within the areas held by appanage, facilitating their ultimate reunion with the crown. After the 14th century, except in a few special instances, women ceased to receive land appanage but received pensions instead. In 1566 the Ordinance of Moulins established the principle of the inalienability of the domain, although during the Wars of Religion of the next 30 years it was not always strictly adhered to. With the growth of the absolute power of the monarch during the 17th century, appanages ceased to be much of a problem. Early in the French Revolution (1790), appanages were reduced to pensions or rents and then completely abolished. They were reestablished in 1810 according to the provisions of 1790 and finally abolished in 1832.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Appanage — Ap pa*nage, n. [F. apanage, fr. OF. apaner to nourish, support, fr. LL. apanare to furnish with bread, to provision; L. ad + pains bread.] 1. The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • appanage — index addendum, adjunct, appurtenance, codicil, dower, grant, inheritance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • appanage — (n.) c.1600, from Fr. apanage (13c.), from apaner to endow with means of subsistence, from M.L. appanare equip with bread, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + panis bread (see FOOD (Cf. food)). Originally, provisions made for younger children of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • appanage — prerogative, privilege, perquisite, birthright, *right …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • appanage — [ap′ə nij΄] n. [Fr apanage < ML appanagium < appanare, equip, lit., provide with bread < L ad , to + panis, bread: see FOOD] 1. money, land, etc. granted by a monarch for the support of his younger children 2. a person s rightful extra… …   English World dictionary

  • Appanage — An apanage or appanage is the grant of an estate, titles, offices, or other things of value to the younger male children of a sovereign, who under the system of primogeniture would otherwise have no inheritance. The system was widespread in much… …   Wikipedia

  • appanage — Tenus en appanage, Profectitia, Fiduciaria, Fiducia contracta, attributa, B …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • appanage — n. (also apanage) 1 provision for the maintenance of the younger children of kings etc. 2 a perquisite. 3 a natural accompaniment or attribute. Etymology: F ult. f. med.L appanare endow with the means of subsistence (as APO , panis bread) * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • appanage — also apanage noun Etymology: French apanage, from Old French, from apaner to provide for a younger offspring, from Medieval Latin appanare, from Latin ad + panis bread more at food Date: 1602 1. a. a grant (as of land or …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • appanage — noun /ˈæpənɪdʒ/ a) A grant (especially by a sovereign) of land (or other source of revenue) as a birthright b) A perquisite that is appropriate to ones position …   Wiktionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.