- apostolic succession
Rom. Cath. Ch., Orth. Ch., Anglican Ch.the unbroken line of succession beginning with the apostles and perpetuated through bishops, considered essential for orders and sacraments to be valid.[1830-40]
* * *In Christianity, the doctrine that bishops represent an uninterrupted line of descent from the Apostles of Jesus.This succession gives bishops special powers, including the right to confirm church members, ordain priests, consecrate bishops, and rule over the clergy and church members of a diocese. Clement, bishop of Rome, stated the doctrine as early as AD 95, and it is accepted by Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Old Catholic, and several other churches. Some Protestant churches maintain that succession is spiritual and doctrinal rather than ritual and historical.
* * *in Christianity, the teaching that bishops (bishop) represent a direct, uninterrupted line of continuity from the Apostles of Jesus Christ. According to this teaching, bishops possess certain special powers handed down to them from the Apostles; these consist primarily of the right to confirm church members, to ordain priests, to consecrate other bishops, and to rule over the clergy and church members in their diocese (an area made up of several congregations).The origins of the doctrine are obscure, and the New Testament records are variously interpreted. Those who accept apostolic succession as necessary for a valid ministry argue that it was necessary for Christ to establish a ministry to carry out his work and that he commissioned his Apostles (Apostle) to do this (Matthew 28:19–20). The Apostles in turn consecrated others to assist them and to carry on the work. Supporters of the doctrine also argue that evidence indicates that the doctrine was accepted in the very early church. About AD 95 Clement (Clement I Saint), bishop of Rome, in his letter to the church in Corinth (First Letter of Clement (Clement, First Letter of)), expressed the view that bishops succeeded the Apostles.A number of Christian churches believe that the apostolic succession and church government based on bishops are unnecessary for a valid ministry. They argue that the New Testament gives no clear direction concerning the ministry, that various types of ministers existed in the early church, that the apostolic succession cannot be established historically, and that true succession is spiritual and doctrinal rather than ritualistic.The Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Old Catholic, Swedish Lutheran, and Anglican churches accept the doctrine of apostolic succession and believe that the only valid ministry is based on bishops whose office has descended from the Apostles. This does not mean, however, that each of these groups necessarily accepts the ministries of the other groups as valid. Roman Catholics, for example, generally regard the ministry of the Eastern Orthodox churches as valid but do not accept the Anglican (Anglicanism) ministry. Some Anglicans, on the other hand, consider episcopacy necessary to the “well-being” but not to the “being” of the church; therefore, they not only accept the ministries of the other groups as valid but also have entered into close associations with Protestant groups that do not accept apostolic succession.
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Apostolic Succession — is the concept in Christianity that the succession of bishops, in uninterrupted lines, is historically traceable back to the original twelve apostles [Oskar Sommel, Rudolf Stählin Christliche Religion, Frankfurt 1960, 19] Within Catholic… … Wikipedia
Apostolic Succession — • Article claims that Apostolic succession is found in the Catholic Church and not in others Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Apostolic Succession Apostolic Succession … Catholic encyclopedia
apostolic succession — n. the doctrine that the religious authority and mission conferred by Jesus on Saint Peter and the other Apostles have come down through an unbroken succession of bishops … English World dictionary
Apostolic Succession — The fundamental principle of the Christian Ministry is, that it is derived from our Blessed Lord Himself, from whom it is perpetuated by Episcopal Ordination, and just this is what is meant by Apostolic Succession. The Apostolic Succession is … American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia
apostolic succession — This term (from the Greek apostolos, meaning messenger, and the Latin succedere, meaning to follow ) refers to the continuous line of bishops who have succeeded to the ministry of the Apostles. Though some privileges of the Apostles,… … Glossary of theological terms
Apostolic Succession — The spiritual authority conferred by the laying on of hands in ordination of the church clergy through a lineal succession of bishops down from the apostles … Dictionary of church terms
apostolic succession — apostol′ic succes′sion n. the unbroken line of succession beginning with the apostles and perpetuated through bishops, considered essential for orders and sacraments to be valid in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Eastern Orthodox Churches •… … From formal English to slang
apostolic succession — noun : the succession or descent believed to be uninterrupted from the apostles and perpetuated by successive ordinations of bishops, held (as by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, and Eastern Orthodox) to be necessary for valid administration of the… … Useful english dictionary
APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION — the derivation of episcopal power in an unbroken line from the Apostles, a qualification believed by High Churchmen to be essential to the discharge of episcopal functions and the transmission of promised divine grace … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION — the theory developed by ROMAN CATHOLIC theologians that theological ORTHODOXY is preserved through an unbroken line of BISHOPS who derive their AUTHORITY from CHRIST … Concise dictionary of Religion