Antipater


Antipater
/an tip"euh teuhr/, n.
398?-319 B.C., Macedonian statesman and general: regent of Macedonia 334-323.

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died 43 BC

Founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine.

Born in Idumaea, a region of southern Judaea, he gained power by helping the Romans, and in return, Julius Caesar appointed him procurator of Judaea in 47 BC. He was assassinated by a rival four years later, but his son, Herod the Great, was made king of Judaea.

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▪ Idumaean governor of Judaea
died 43 BC

      Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. In return for Antipater's support, Caesar appointed him procurator of Judaea in 47 BC. Although Antipater was assassinated by a political rival four years later, his son, Herod I the Great, was later made king of Judaea by the Romans.

▪ regent of Macedonia

born c. 397 BC
died 319

      Macedonian general, regent of Macedonia (334–23) and of the Macedonian Empire (321–319) whose death signalled the end of centralized authority in the empire. One of the leading men in Macedonia at the death of Philip II in 336, he helped to secure the succession to the Macedonian throne for Philip's son, Alexander the Great, who upon departure for the conquest of Asia (334) appointed Antipater regent in Macedonia with the title of general in Europe. Antipater's main task was to hold the northern frontiers against hostile tribes and to keep order among the Greek states. He ruled Greece by cooperating with the League of Corinth but was unpopular because he supported oligarchic governments. The settlement of the satrapies (provinces) of the Macedonian Empire by the new regent, Perdiccas, at Babylon in 323, immediately after Alexander's death, left Antipater in control of Macedonia and Greece, though as former regent his status in relation to Perdiccas was not clearly defined. Antipater then took the side of the Macedonian generals Antigonus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy, who were opposed to the claims of Perdiccas. By the settlement at Triparadisus, Syria (321), after Perdiccas' death, Antipater became regent of the Macedonian Empire for the two kings: the intellectually retarded Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV.

▪ son of Herod the Great
died 4 BC

      son of Herod the Great, who conspired against his half brothers Aristobulus and Alexander for the succession to the throne of Judaea and secured their execution (7 or 6 BC). The following year he was tried for plotting against Herod and Pheroras, Herod's brother, and was executed five days before his father's death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antipater — (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος Antipatros ; ca. 397 BC 319 BC) was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander s empire. Career under Philip and AlexanderNothing… …   Wikipedia

  • ANTIPATER — (first century C.E.), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antipăter — Antipăter. I. Fürsten: 1) A., Sohn des Iolaos, Feldherr des macedonischen Königs Philippos I., bei Alexanders d. Gr. Zuge gegen Persien Statthalter in Macedonien; schlug 330 v. Chr. die Spartaner bei Megalopolis. Er unterstützte nach Alexanders… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipater, s. Antipatros …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipăter (grch. Antipătros), Feldherr Philipps II. von Mazedonien und Alexanders d. Gr., blieb während Alexanders Zug nach Persien seit 334 v. Chr. als Vizekönig in Mazedonien zurück und schlug 330 die aufständischen Spartaner bei Megalopolis.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — Antipater, Feldherr Philipps von Macedonien, von Alexander dem Gr. als Statthalter von Macedonien zurückgelassen, besiegte während Alexanders Feldzug bei Aegä den König Agis von Sparta 330 vor Chr., nach Alexanders Tod die aufgestandenen Griechen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Antipater — [an tip′ə tər] 397? 319 B.C.; Macedonian general under Alexander the Great …   English World dictionary

  • ANTIPATER — I. ANTIPATER Archon Athenis, Olymp. XCVII. an 4. Item, e cohorte nobilium puerorum Alexandri M. coniurationis in Regem Hermolao partriceps. Curt. l. 8. c. 6. Item Grammaticus, qui scripsit in Aristoph. commentaria. Vide Scholia in Aves. II.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antipater — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Antipater ou Antipatros (du grec ancien Αντίπατρος, « comme le père ») est un nom d origine grecque qui peut désigner : Antipater, général… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antipater — Antipatros (griech. Αντίπατρος, latinisiert Antipater) bezeichnet: Antipater (Makedonien) (397 v. Chr.–319 v. Chr.), ein Feldherr und späterer Reichsverweser Makedoniens Antipater II. († 279 v. Chr.), König von Makedonien Antipatros (Idumäer) (†… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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