antidote


antidote
antidotal, antidotical /an'ti dot"i keuhl/, adj.antidotally, antidotically, adv.
/an"ti doht'/, n., v., antidoted, antidoting.
n.
1. a medicine or other remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etc.
2. something that prevents or counteracts injurious or unwanted effects: Good jobs are the best antidote to teenage crime.
v.t.
3. to counteract with an antidote: Medication was given to antidote the poison the child had swallowed.
[1400-50; late ME ( < MF) < L antidotum < Gk antídoton something given against (i.e., for counteracting), equiv. to anti- ANTI- + dotón neut. of dotós given, verbid of didónai to give; akin to DATUM]

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Remedy to counteract the effects of a poison or toxin.

Administered by mouth, intravenously, or sometimes on the skin, it may work by directly neutralizing the poison; causing an opposite effect in the body; binding to the poison to prevent its absorption, inactivate it, or keep it from fitting a receptor at its site of action; or binding to a receptor to prevent the poison's binding there, blocking its action. Some poisons are not active until converted to a different form in the body; their antidotes interrupt that conversion.

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▪ chemical agent
      Remedy to counteract the effects of a poison or toxin. Administered by mouth, intravenously, or sometimes on the skin, it may work by directly neutralizing the poison; causing an opposite effect in the body; binding to the poison to prevent its absorption, inactivate it, or keep it from fitting a receptor at its site of action; or binding to a receptor to prevent the poison's binding there, blocking its action. Some poisons are not active until converted to a different form in the body; their antidotes interrupt that conversion.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Antidote RX — Antidote (logiciel) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Antidote (homonymie). Antidote …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antidote — [ ɑ̃tidɔt ] n. m. • XIIe; lat. d o. gr. antidotum 1 ♦ Contrepoison. Le lait est l antidote du phosphore. 2 ♦ Fig. Remède contre un mal moral. Un antidote à l ennui. ⇒ dérivatif. « d excellents antidotes contre la mélancolie » (Montesquieu). ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • antidote — ANTIDOTE. s. m. Contrepoison, remède pour se garantir de la peste, de l effet du poison, du venin. Bon, puissant, grand, excellent antidote. Antidote spécifique. La thériaque est un antidote contre la peste, contre la piqûre des serpens. Prendre… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Antidote — An ti*dote, v. t. 1. To counteract or prevent the effects of, by giving or taking an antidote. [1913 Webster] Nor could Alexander himself . . . antidote . . . the poisonous draught, when it had once got into his veins. South. [1913 Webster] 2. To …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antidote — ANTIDOTE. s. m. Contrepoison, remede pour se garantir de l effet du poison, ou du venin. Bon, puissant, grand, specifique, excellent antidote. la theriaque est un antidote contre la peste, contre la piqueure des serpents. prendre de l antidote …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Antidote — An ti*dote ([a^]n t[i^]*d[=o]t), n. [L. antidotum, Gr. anti doton (sc. fa rmakon), fr. anti dotos given against; anti against + dido nai to give: cf. F. antidote. See {Dose}, n.] 1. A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antidoté — antidoté, ée (an ti do té, tée) adj. Pourvu d antidote. •   Nous instruisant par gracieux préceptes Et par sermons de joie antidotés, J. B. ROUSS. Épît. III, 1, à Marot.. HISTORIQUE    XVIe s. •   Les fanfreluches antidotées, trouvées en un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • antidote — ► NOUN 1) a medicine taken to counteract a poison. 2) something that counteracts an unpleasant feeling or situation: laughter is a good antidote to stress. ORIGIN Greek antidoton, from anti against + didonai give …   English terms dictionary

  • antidote — [an′tə dōt΄] n. [ME & OFr antidote < L antidotum < Gr antidoton < anti , against + dotos, given < didonai, to give: see DATE1] 1. a remedy to counteract a poison 2. anything that works against an evil or unwanted condition antidotal… …   English World dictionary

  • antidote — index cure, remedy (that which corrects) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Antidote —   [griechisch], Singular Antidot das, (e)s, Gegenmittel, Substanzen, die die Wirkung von Giften dadurch aufheben, dass sie diese Stoffe binden oder an der Bindung am Gewebe hindern, die Giftausscheidung beschleunigen oder Gegenreaktionen des… …   Universal-Lexikon


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