Annam


Annam
/euh nam"/, n.
a former kingdom and French protectorate along the E coast of French Indochina: now part of Vietnam.
Also, Anam.

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Historic kingdom, eastern Vietnam.

The area was conquered с 200 BC by the Chinese, who gave it its name (which has never been used by the indigenous inhabitants). It became independent in the 15th century AD, opening the way for steady Vietnamese movement toward the Mekong River delta. When Vietnam was united in 1802, the city of Hue became the capital, and the area was ruled by the emperor of Annam. Central Vietnam gradually came under French control in the 19th century; it became a protectorate in 1883–85, leaving the court at Hue with only nominal power. The area was partitioned between North and South Vietnam in 1954, and Annam's last emperor was deposed in 1955.

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      French-governed Vietnam or, more strictly, its central region, known in precolonial times as Trung Ky (Central Administrative Division). The term Annam (Chinese: “Pacified South”) was never officially used by the Vietnamese to describe their country, even during the French colonial period.

      The central section of Vietnam known to the French as Annam is largely a highland region extending from the Ma River southward to Ba Kiem Cape, which lies 47 miles (76 km) east-southeast of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon). The former imperial capital Hue has remained the chief cultural centre in the region.

      Much of central Vietnam was under the control of the Cham empire until the expanding Vietnamese state defeated the Cham rulers in 1471, opening the way for steady Vietnamese movement toward the Mekong River delta. With the de facto division of Vietnam under the seigneurial Nguyen and Trinh families in the 16th century, Hue became the seat of the Nguyen. When Nguyen Anh, as the emperor Gia Long, united the whole of Vietnam in 1802, Hue became the imperial capital.

      Central Vietnam came under French “protection” in 1883–85, leaving the court at Hue with only nominal power. In the confused immediate post-World War II period, Vietnam was temporarily divided at 16° N latitude, leaving parts of central Vietnam under different occupying authorities. Following the end of the first Indochina War in 1954, the temporary dividing line determined at the Geneva Conference again ran through central Vietnam, this time at the 17th parallel.

      The predominant hills and plateaus of central Vietnam are occupied by a variety of hill peoples, some speaking variants of the Cham language, others using Mon-Khmer languages. The narrow, fertile coastal plain of central Vietnam is occupied by the majority Vietnamese and is devoted largely to rice culture. The largest city in central Vietnam is Da Nang (q.v.), and its best anchorage is Cam Ranh Bay.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Annam (D&D) — Annam (Donjons et dragons)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Annam.  Divinité des Royaumes Oubliés Annam Titre Le Premier, le Grand Créateur Plan de résidence Outreterre Niveau de puissance Divinité Majeure …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Annam (RO) — Annam (Donjons et dragons)  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Annam.  Divinité des Royaumes Oubliés Annam Titre Le Premier, le Grand Créateur Plan de résidence Outreterre Niveau de puissance Divinité Majeure …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Annam — may refer to:*Annam (name), a female given name of Arabic origin * Annam (Chinese province), the southern most province of the Chinese Empire (679 939), now part of North Vietnam * Annam (French protectorate), a French protectorate (1874 1877) in …   Wikipedia

  • Annam — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Viejo mapa de Annam, dibujado por Alexandro de Rodas (1651) Annam fue una colonia francesa del este de Vietnam. Su nombre significa el Pacifico sur. Historia El área fue conquistada en el año 200 a.  …   Wikipedia Español

  • Annam [1] — Annam, 1) (Vietnan), Kaiserthum in Hinter Indien, grenzt an China (davon durch Wüsten, Gebirge u. zugemauerte Pässe getrennt), an das chinesische Meer, Siam u. Birman; 10,200 QM. Gebirge: Vorgebirge Varela (Pagoda u. falsches Cap V.), Punta de… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Annam [2] — Annam (Gesch.). Das Stammland von A. ist Nord A. od. Tonkin. Lange war Tonkin eine Provinz von China, nach chinesischen Angaben schon seit 214 v. Chr., wo Thinschi Hoangti das Land unterwarf u. chinesische Colonisten dahin schickte; chinesische… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Annam — Annam, Königreich, s. Anam …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Annam — oder Anam, auch Viet nam, Nam viet, Nhat nam, Giao nam, Nam giao, zu Franz. Indochina als Schutzstaat gehöriges Königreich, an der Ostküste von Hinterindien [Karte: Ostasien], 135.000 qkm, mit (1901) 6.124.000 E.; Produkte: Gold, Silber, Kupfer,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Annam — Annam, Reich in Hinterindien, vom Menam durchströmt, auf 9800 QM. mit 15 Mill. E. geschätzt, besteht aus Tongking, Cochin China und Kambodscha und hat alle ostindischen Erzeugnisse. Die Einw. sind meistens mongol. Stammes, in Religion und Sitte… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Annam — ancien nom donné par les Européens au centre du Viêt nam, correspondant au Trung Bô actuel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Annam — old alternative name for Vietnam, from Chinese, lit. pacified south, the name given to the old nation of Nam Viet by the Chinese after they conquered it 111 B.C.E. From an peace + nan south. It was discarded upon restoration of Viet independence… …   Etymology dictionary


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