ani


ani
/ah"nee, ah nee"/, n., pl. anis.
any of several black, tropical American cuckoos of the genus Crotophaga, having a compressed, bladelike bill.
[1820-30; < Sp or Pg < Tupi or Guarani]

* * *

▪ historical city, Armenia
      ancient city site in extreme eastern Turkey. Ani lies east of Kars and along the Arpaçay (Akhuryan) River, which forms the border with Armenia to the east.

      Situated along a major east-west caravan route, Ani first rose to prominence in the 5th century AD and had become a flourishing town by the time Ashot III the Merciful (reigned 952–977), the Bagratid king of Armenia, transferred his capital there from Kars in 961. Thus began a golden age for the city, which was beautified under two subsequent Bagratid rulers. The many churches built there during this period included some of the finest examples of medieval architecture. Although the population estimate made in the Middle Ages of about 100,000 in the early 11th century is unreliable, Ani was substantial in its size and magnificence. It remained the chief city of Armenia until Mongol raids in the 13th century, a devastating earthquake in 1319, and shifting trade routes sent it into an irreparable decline. Eventually the site was abandoned. The surviving churches and the remnants of the city walls attest to the extraordinary quality of Armenian stonework during the Middle Ages. The modern Turkish village of Ocaklı is nearby.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ani — bezeichnet: den Asteroiden (791) Ani, siehe (791) Ani den etruskischen Gott des Himmels, siehe Ani (Mythologie) eine Raststation der Römerzeit, heute Altenmarkt im Pongau (Österreich), siehe Ani (Römersiedlung) einen weiblichen bulgarischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ani — ani·ba; ani·lao; ani·lin·gus; ani·man·do; ani·ma·to; ani·mo·so; ani·sum; ani·to; ani; ani·mé; ani·lau; ani·linc·tus; ani·mi; …   English syllables

  • ani — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}spój. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} w zdaniu zaprzeczonym łączy części równorzędne : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Nie chciał mleka ani herbaty. Nie chodziła do teatru ani do kina. {{/stl 10}}{{stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Ani — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ani Անի Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • ani — ×anì (l. ani) prt. nei, nė; plg. anei, anė: O nė ma[n] reikia timpelės, ani tavo palšų jautelių JD886. Netur tėvelio anė motinėlės JV366. ^ Anì rasti, anì pamesti Nj. Kad nustiko, tai nustiko, nereikia anì skatiko Aln …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Aní Tá Má — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Aní Tá Má Álbum de estudio de Malegua Publicación Sin fecha de lanzamiento oficial Grabación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ani' B&B — (Рим,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Emanule Filiberto 166, Вокзал Термини, 00182 …   Каталог отелей

  • Ani — der; , s <über span. u. port. ani aus gleichbed. Tupi (einer südamerik. Indianersprache) ani> süd u. mittelamerik. Kuckucksvogel, der in Gesellschaftsnestern brütet …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ani — A nior ||Ano A no, n. [Native name.] (Zo[ o]l.) A black bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida ({Crotophaga ani}), allied to the cuckoos, having a compressed, bladelike bill and remarkable for communistic nesting. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ani — Ani, Ruinenstadt im russisch kaukas. Gouv. Kars, 1338 m ü. M., am Arpatschai zwischen hohen Felswänden, die, voller Höhlen und Grotten, vormals eine bewohnte Höhlenstadt bildeten. – A. war im 5. Jahrh. ein kleines Fort, ward 961 Residenz der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • ani — (n.) black bird of the cuckoo family, 1829, from Spanish or Portuguese ani, from Tupi …   Etymology dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.