anhydrite


anhydrite
/an huy"druyt/, n.
a mineral, anhydrous calcium sulfate, CaSO4, usually occurring in whitish or slightly colored masses.
[1825-35; ANHYDR- + -ITE1]

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Rock-forming mineral, anhydrous calcium sulfate (CaSO4), which differs chemically from gypsum (to which it changes in humid conditions) by having no water of crystallization.

Anhydrite occurs most often with salt deposits in association with gypsum, as in the cap rock of the Texas-Louisiana salt domes. Anhydrite is one of the major minerals in evaporite deposits; it is also present in dolomites and limestones, and in ore veins. It is used in plasters and cement as a drying agent.

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 an important rock-forming mineral, anhydrous calcium sulfate (CaSO4). It differs chemically from gypsum (to which it alters in humid conditions) by having no water of crystallization. Anhydrite occurs most often with salt deposits in association with gypsum, as in the cap rock of the Texas-Louisiana salt domes. Anhydrite is one of the major minerals in evaporite deposits; it also is present in dolomites and limestones, and as a gangue mineral in ore veins. It is used in plasters and cement as a drying agent. Anhydrite crystals possess orthorhombic symmetry. For physical properties, see sulfate mineral (table).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • anhydrite — noun Etymology: German Anhydrit, from Greek anydros Date: circa 1823 a mineral consisting of an anhydrous calcium sulfate that is usually massive and white or slightly colored …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • anhydrite — n. (Mineralogy) an anhydrous calcium sulfate …   English contemporary dictionary

  • anhydrite — [an hʌɪdrʌɪt] noun a white mineral consisting of anhydrous calcium sulphate. Origin C19: from Gk anudros (see anhydrous) + ite1 …   English new terms dictionary