Andover


Andover
/an"doh veuhr, -deuh-/, n.
a city in NE Massachusetts. 26,370.

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      market town, Test Valley district, administrative and historic county of Hampshire, England. It lies among chalk hills on the River Anton, a tributary of the Test, about 14 miles (22 km) northwest of Winchester and about 17 miles (27 km) northeast of Salisbury. The area is rich in prehistoric earthworks and tumuli. The witan (Anglo-Saxon national council) met there.

      Andover's earliest-known charter was granted in 1175. In the 14th century the town had a sheep fair, a woolen industry, and an iron market and also manufactured parchments and silk fabrics. It is now the centre of a large agricultural district; watercress is grown, there are flour mills, timber yards, and printing works, and agricultural equipment and plastics are manufactured. Andover Grammar School was founded in 1571. At Enham, north of Andover, is a village founded for disabled former servicemen after World War I. There are many military and air force establishments in the area, including the Royal Air Force Staff College. Pop. (2001) 37,955.

      town (township), Essex county, northeastern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies in the Merrimack River valley just south of Lawrence and 20 miles (32 km) north of Boston. Settled in 1642, it was incorporated in 1646 and named for Andover, England, home of many of the early colonists.

      Textile mills were established in Andover in 1813, and woolen goods are still produced. Andover is a centre for business services, trade, and the manufacture of electronic and computer systems, medical products, and chemicals. The town's renowned Phillips Academy was founded in 1778 as one of the nation's first boarding schools for boys; it was made coeducational in 1973 upon merging with the Abbot Academy for girls (1829). North Andover, home of Merrimack College (1947), was separated from Andover in 1855. Area 32 square miles (83 square km). Pop. (1990) 29,151; (2000) 31,247.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Andover — ist der Namen mehrerer Orte: in Großbritannien: Andover (Hampshire) in Kanada: Andover (New Brunswick) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Andover (Connecticut) Andover (Florida) Andover (Illinois) Andover (Iowa) Andover (Kansas) Andover (Maine) Andover… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andover, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 8489 Housing Units (2000): 3956 Land area (2000): 1.676208 sq. miles (4.341359 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.111575 sq. miles (0.288978 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.787783 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Andover, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 594 Housing Units (2000): 226 Land area (2000): 0.998694 sq. miles (2.586605 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.998694 sq. miles (2.586605 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Andover, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 6698 Housing Units (2000): 2456 Land area (2000): 6.848580 sq. miles (17.737741 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.017980 sq. miles (0.046568 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.866560 sq. miles (17.784309 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Andover, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 7900 Housing Units (2000): 3611 Land area (2000): 3.702825 sq. miles (9.590273 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.032477 sq. miles (0.084114 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.735302 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Andover, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 26588 Housing Units (2000): 8205 Land area (2000): 34.106064 sq. miles (88.334297 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.874832 sq. miles (2.265805 sq. km) Total area (2000): 34.980896 sq. miles (90.600102 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Andover, NJ — U.S. borough in New Jersey Population (2000): 658 Housing Units (2000): 273 Land area (2000): 1.456104 sq. miles (3.771293 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012124 sq. miles (0.031400 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.468228 sq. miles (3.802693 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Andover, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1073 Housing Units (2000): 462 Land area (2000): 0.996660 sq. miles (2.581337 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.011797 sq. miles (0.030553 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.008457 sq. miles (2.611890 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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