- America First Committee
a political pressure group that during 1940-41 urged the U.S. not to oppose fascism in Europe or enter World War II.
* * *▪ United States historyinfluential political pressure group in the United States (1940–41) that opposed aid to the Allies in World War II because it feared direct American military involvement in the conflict. The committee claimed a membership of 800,000 and attracted such leaders as General Robert E. Wood, the aviator Charles A. Lindbergh, and Senator Gerald P. Nye. Though failing in its campaigns to block the Lend-Lease Act, the use of the U.S. Navy for convoys, and the repeal of the Neutrality Act, its public pressure undoubtedly discouraged greater direct military aid to a Great Britain beleaguered by Nazi Germany. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (Dec. 7, 1941), the committee dissolved and urged its members to support the war effort.
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
America First Committee — Official America First Committee Logo The America First Committee (AFC) was the foremost non interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II. Peaking at 800,000 members, it was likely the largest anti war organization… … Wikipedia
America First Committee — Das America First Committee (AFC) war die größte Organisation der Isolationisten in den Vereinigten Staaten. Es wandte sich gegen eine Beteiligung der USA am Zweiten Weltkrieg. Das Committee löste sich einige Tage nach dem Angriff auf Pearl… … Deutsch Wikipedia
America First Committee — (AFC) The AFC was formed in September 1940 in response to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939. It quickly became the most influential voice of isolationism in the United States. The original members were Robert E. Wood, Charles A. Lindbergh … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
America First Committee — a political pressure group that during 1940 41 urged the U.S. not to oppose fascism in Europe or enter World War II … Useful english dictionary
America First — may refer to:*America First Committee, a special interest group that opposed entry of the United States of America into World War II *America First Credit Union, a credit union in Utah … Wikipedia
America First — Das America First Committee (AFC) war die größte Organisation der US Isolationisten. Sie wandte sich gegen eine Beteiligung der USA am Zweiten Weltkrieg. Das Committee löste sich einige Tage nach dem Angriff auf Pearl Harbor im Dezember 1941… … Deutsch Wikipedia
America First Party — The America First Party is the name of multiple United States political parties:*America First Party (1944), an isolationist political party in 1944 *America First Party (2002), formed by disgruntled members of the United States Reform Party in… … Wikipedia
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies — The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (CDAAA) was an American political action group formed in May 1940. The group advocated American military materiel support for Britain as the best way to keep the United States out of the… … Wikipedia
America Firster — /ferr steuhr/, Informal. a member or supporter of the America First Committee. [1935 40; America First + ER1] * * * … Universalium
America Firster — /ferr steuhr/, Informal. a member or supporter of the America First Committee. [1935 40; America First + ER1] … Useful english dictionary